ANTH 3004 Practice Midterm Notes

Israel was just one of many emerging from the shashu

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Israel was just one of many emerging from the Shashu tribe travelling to avoid drought and famine. Multiple Egyptian texts refer to Shashu nomadic tribes travelling in order to survive, and this depicts the group moving into the EASTERN Egyptian Delta. 4. Kathleen Kenyon’s and most scholars interpretation and reasoning behind Solomon’s vertical ‘joint.’ a. Excavations led to two conclusions a.i. ONE: There is no trace of Solomon’s temple yet due to two separate reasons. One: the remains are under haram esh-Sharif and two: the temple was completely destroyed by the Babylonians in 586 bce. This bit of argument is even supported by the Bible in 2 kings 25. a.ii. TWO: the position of the southeast corner of the platform. On either sides of the straight joint there is an obvious abrupt change in architecture. To the left is the Herodian extended portion of the wall. Kenyon argues that to the right the masonry is of typical Phoenician masonry of the time
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period . When Jews built the second temple, it was built directly over the remnants and bedrock of the original Solomonic temple. a.iii. CONCLUSION: masonry to right of joint is SE corner of the platform. And the straight joint marks the position of the SE corner of the Solomonic temple. 5. Laperrousaz’s argument of Kenyon’s interpretation of the ‘joint.’ 6. Yadin’s contributions to the search for Solomon’s royal cities a. Yadin’s review of Macalister’s excavation report on Gezer. What was Yadin looking for, and why? What did he discover in the report? (2-3 sentences) a.i. In Yadin’s excavation report on Gezer, Yadin was looking for a 6 chambered/4 entry gate. He was looking for this gate because these were one of the 3 Solomonic cities listed in the Bible. He discovered that both Solomonic Megiddo and Hazor had a 6 chambered (4 entry)gate and concluded that Solomonic Gezer should have a 6 chambered( entry) gate as well! AND HE FOUND IT! b. Yadin’s excavation at Megiddo in 1960. What problem was he trying to solve? What exactly did he find and how did he interpret it? b.i. Megiddo, Hazor, and Gezer were all Biblically noted to have been Solomon’s cities. Therefore, when it was revealed through Yadin’s excavations in 1960 that there was an anomaly between Megiddo and the other two cities, Yadin wanted to know why there was a solid wall instead of a casemate wall connected to the 6 chambered gate. Yadin found that palace 6000 had the same masonry as palace 1723 and concluded that the two belong to the same stratum because of the wall 325 runs directly over both. Also, a casemate wall branches off east and west off of palace 6000 and belongs to the same stratum. Stratum 5a and 4b together constitute Solomon’s Megiddo with a casemate wall and a 4 entry gate.
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  • Spring '08
  • Irvine,S
  • Archaeology, Iron Age, Israelites, Canaan, battle scenes, peaceful infiltration model, a. Finkelstein

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