Parliament offered the throne to William and Mary who accepted along with a

Parliament offered the throne to william and mary who

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Parliament offered the throne to William and Mary, who accepted along with a Bill of Rights Bill of rights=contained ideas of Petition of Rights-rights to make laws and levy tax, impossible for King to raise an army without Parliments consent Bill of Rights created a system of government based on rule of law and freely elected Parliament. Laid the foundation for a limited, constitutional monarchy
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A Glorious Revolution Parliament also passes the Toleration Act of 1689 Granted Puritans (not Catholics) the right of free public worship Parliament, in appointing a king, destroyed the idea of Devine rights of Kingship. Over the next century, Parliament gradually proved to be the real authority in the English system
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Legal and Political Thought Thomas Hobbes-alarmed by revolutionary upheavals Publish “Leviathan” to deal with problem of human disorder, argued that before organized society, humans were guided not by reason and moral ideas but by ruthless struggle for self-preservation. To save themselves from destroying one another, people made a social contract and agreed to form a state John Locke-argued against absolute rule of one person Believed that before society was organized, humans lived in a state of equality and freedom rather than a state of war. Therefore, humans had certain natural rights-rights they were born with such as life, liberty and property It is hard to protect your rights so a government forms to protect and judge those who violate them. However, if government failed to protect the people then they would be within their rights to alter or remove and form a new government
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Preview In reaction to the crisis of the 17 th century, several European nations turned to an absolute monarchy with France’s Louis XIV as its epitome . He waged many military campaigns and was extravagant. While Prussia, Austria, and Russian were emerging as great European powers under their monarchs’ leadership, Spain was declining in power.
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Louis XIV: Model Absolutist Louis XIV was the best example of absolutist rule in the 17 th century (especially compared to Louis XVI…) Only a boy when he became king- close advisers, usually from the Catholic Church Cardinal Richeliu (RIH-shuh-loo advisor to Louis XIII) and Cardinal Mazarin (advisor to Louis XIV) worked to preserve monarchy’s power and the power of the Catholic Church, also set up spies to stop conspiracies Louis XIV was left on his own as King at age 23 when Cardinal Mazarin died Believed he was the “Sun King”- source of light for all of his people
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Louis XIV in Power Louis wanted complete control of the government, especially policy-making (did not replace dead advisors) Established a royal court at Versailles, where he lived, which had 3 purposes: King’s residence
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  • Fall '16
  • Test, Leviathan, Parliament, Louis XIV of France, Charles I of England, Charles II of England, William III of England, James II of England

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