BUSINESS
Order # 317952 Task 2.docx

It should be noted that what played a key role in

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disputes in West Africa (MacMillan, 2013). It should be noted that what played a key role in consolidating a cordial relationship between former arch rivals Britain and Russia was the German threat. Nationalism Another most significant, well-known factor that led to the genesis of World War 1 was nationalism. Essentially, European nationalists had extreme patriotic pride and love for their country. In turn tension grew between European powers for short periods prior to 1914. The First Balkan War was the first nationalistic event that piled pressure on European nations to seek the interest of their nations first (Kennedy, 2010). Consequently, a new wave of Pan-Slavism emerged throughout Europe, with nations getting divided by its nationalistic ideals to unite all
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ASSESSMENT ITEM 2: ESSAY 4 Slavs especially in Serbia. The Slavs had longing desire to break free from Ottoman and the non- relenting Austro-Hungarian Empires. Sensing the trouble, Russia joined to encourage Serbia revolt alliance with Greece and Montenegro leading to the creation of the Balkan Alliance. In 1912, the allies rose to fight against Turkey in First Balkan War and eventually Slavs registered victory. Austria-Hungary feared Serbia’s increasing power hence Austrian generals called for war. However, there remained the risk of Russia supporting its ally, Serbia, in which case the war would develop into a considerably larger war. Thus, a peace conference was called in London, which resulted in the division of former Turkish states between the Balkan states. Nevertheless, Austria-Hungary still managed to retain Serbia under their power by creating Albania, which was located between Serbia and the Adriatic Sea. This persistence in control over Serbia further strengthened the growing animosity between Austria-Hungary and Serbia. It was through this tension that inevitably led to the crucial willingness of both countries to go to war and fight against each other. Serbia desperately wanted to gain independence, a desire that would only strengthen with Pan-Slavism, and Austria-Hungary coveted for sustaining complete control over the Slavic regions. This strain was the primary cause that prompted the initiation of the First World War and thus drew both countries’ allies in and thus created a full-scale war. Although Austria-Hungary succeeded in sustaining their control over Serbia after the First Balkan War, it was the Second Balkan War that conclusively decided the independence of Serbia (Strachan, 2003). There were several disagreements over the spoils of the First Balkan War, leading to the Second Balkan War July 1913 with Bulgaria against Serbia and Greece. Serbia and Greece triumphed against Bulgaria and further encouraged Pan-Slavism amongst the nation. Serbia had also doubled in size along with a grown military of 200,000 soldiers. Austria-
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ASSESSMENT ITEM 2: ESSAY 5 Hungary was fuming and thus aimed to suppress Serbia’s power. Yet, Serbia’s growing nationalism would only lead to further opposition and would eventually escalate into war. On June 28 th , 1914, the Austro-Hungarian Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated while on a visit to Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia. The shooter was a young Serbian nationalist, attempting to support Serbia’s independence. However, Austria-Hungary presented Serbia with an
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