a203-11f-16-NaturalizingInequality

Especially in large group rabbit hunts where

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especially in large group rabbit hunts where everyone’s contribution was needed - Relatively equal power, freedom of action - Hadza: Foragers in Africa, speak a click language related to that of the Ju/’hoansi - men and women collect food separately but share little - Both gather; large animal kills are rare, shared - Still relatively equal power, freedom of action - Tiwi: Foragers on Melville and Bathurst Islands, just off the northern coast of Australia - men hunt significant meat and bring it back to distribute, women gather for families - Males dominant - Women must always be married - Betrothed at birth, remarried at husband’s death - Men make alliances by exchanging daughters, sisters, and mothers in marriage - Eskimo: a slightly broader term than Inuit; mostly icebound arctic - males hunt almost all food and other materials, women process it
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Intro to Cultural Anthro F 2011 / Owen: Naturalizing inequality… p. 9 - Extreme inequality - Women treated as objects: used, abused, traded by men - How do the Ju/’hoansi fit into this? - which case do they most resemble? - could their practices like “insulting the meat” have an effect on gender inequality? - is this a cultural construct (about the need to control young men’s arrogance) overriding the effect of an economic reality (men bring in the valued meat) on gender roles? - Applied to our society: - As long as - women handle spending for supporting the family, - while men handle spending on cars, sports, consumer goods that they can show to others or talk with others about like computers and large TVs, etc., - women will have less power and recognition - Jobs that give women authority over resources (business spending, public policy spending, etc.) advance women’s status - Friedl would argue that current trends of women increasingly controlling resources in public as consumers, business people, and politicians - do not merely reflect gender roles that are changing for other reasons - instead, these cause women’s status to become more equal to mens’ - Is there another way? Is it possible for a non-foraging society to have social equality? - Robbins reading about the Hutterites - a Christian religious movement related to Amish and Mennonites - non-competitive, low-consumption, non-ostentatious ideology - based on religious belief - children are carefully raised to share the same values - family equality in wealth and power - but great gender inequality - might their system still work without low status for women? - why is that necessary? - also other drawbacks (from our point of view): - limited freedom - need to continually “branch” into new colonies, etc. - could the Hutterites succeed without the surrounding society that IS highly hierarchical? - that is, does their relative equality depend on the inequality of others?
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