(www.entrance-exam.net)-RPF Sub Inspectors Constables Exam Sample Paper 2

Under frpa and professional reliance the decisions

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Under FRPA and professional reliance the decisions that balance environmental and social objectives with forest management must be predicated on stewardship. I believe that EBM is the process which best meets these objectives and societies expectations. Answer (scored 10) a) There are many similarities between EBM and SFM, as well as key differences. The primary similarities focus on 1) a desire for management that focuses on long term solutions; 2) the emphasis on ecosystems; and 3) the inclusion of social and economic elements. The primary differences are in the processes and specificity of each system. The definition for EBM presented here was derived through a multi-stakeholder process involving scientific experts, First Nations (FN), government and industry. This process is
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described by the Coastal Information team ( ). The definition of SFM initially evolved from the UNCED (1992) process. The SFM definition was also derived from multi- stakeholder processes. Both systems aim to improve the implementation of good forest stewardship. A key difference in the two approaches relates to the specificity around “healthy” forests. In the SFM definition, there is no additional clarification of what is meant by healthy forest ecosystems, where as in the EBM definition, there is a qualifier used to specify “healthy, fully-functioning ecosystems and human communities”. Although a seemingly subtle difference, the inclusion of “fully functioning” adds numerous connotations of structural, compositional and functional aspects of ecological systems. The EBM definition also refers to “whole ecosystems” and not just forest ecosystems. Another critical difference between the two systems is the use of long-term in the SFM definition versus sustaining “spatial and temporal characteristics” in the EBM. This implies multiple scales – short, medium and long term. The focus is on maintaining systems over these scales rather than the needs of present and future generations. EBM also focuses on the link between functional ecosystems and human communities, with particular emphasis on respecting First Nations title, rights, and cultures. While only implicit in the definition, the CIT has a considerable focus on FN ( ). EBM also emphasizes adaptive management (see definition on website) that is not explicit in the SFM. Finally the SFM definition emphasizes management while the EBM definition uses “managing human activities”. Again, this is subtle, but reflects a perspective put forward by many that humans can manage their own activities, but not all ecosystem process – this means human activities and management actions are still subject to uncertainty and “outside” forces such as natural disturbance.
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  • Spring '11
  • ErhanArtuc
  • Forest, Sustainable forest management, Forest Management, Forest Professionals, good forest stewardship

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