6 percent of all confirmed cases were males and 494

  • No School
  • AA 1
  • 116

This preview shows page 41 - 43 out of 116 pages.

7 October 2014, around 50.6 percent of all confirmed cases were males and 49.4 percent, females. Figure 10 provides the total number of cases by gender. Several factors explain the predominance of women among the victims. The first factor explains that the gender difference in the death rate is related to sociological aspects of affected communities. As care providers, women are more likely to be exposed to the disease transmission vectors such as vomit or other bodily fluids of an infected family member. Furthermore, certain traditional practices and rituals for honouring the deceased that women typically perform also pose an increased risk. The national study from Liberia on the socio-economic impact of the EVD highlights the reasons that more women were infected than men (UNDP 2014a). For instance, 70 percent of the respondents interviewed said that it was because women were natural caregivers; it was their role to take care of their husbands, children and relatives should they fall ill. This traditional role of caring for the elderly, children and the sick put women at a direct risk of contracting the virus. In addition, medical professionals are highly exposed; on the front lies of the disease, regardless of gender, many of them have fallen victim to the EVD. As of 18 September 2014, in Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia, non-disaggregated data records cases of a total of 318 healthcare workers, of whom 144 died, i.e. a mortality rate of 47 percent. The female exposure to the disease is intensified by the fact that, in most of cases, hospital settings in West Africa involves more female nurses, cleaning ladies and laundry workers than male orderlies and cleaners. A female working in a local hospital with Ebola patients has more frequent contact with patients and the objects they come in contact with. In addition, women dominate the trading activities in most West Africa. Cross-border trading was a major source of contracting EVD, which further exposes them. Figure 10: Cumulative number of cases of the Ebola virus disease in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone, by gender, as of 7 January 2015 Source: WHO (2015b). Sierra Leone Liberia Guinea Male Female 3,891 2,538 1,309 4,151 2,444 1,410 SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACT OF EBOLA VIRUS DISEASE IN WEST AFRICAN COUNTRIES
Image of page 41
24 With most medical facilities and personnel devoted to Ebola, women needing non-EVD medical attention cannot access health services. Indeed, the limited health resources with Ebola particularly affect expecting mothers. The demands caused by Ebola have left very few resources for pregnant women, who already face limited access to adequate healthcare. For example, in Bong, one of the most populous counties in Liberia, the ambulance for obstetric emergencies was used for the Ebola response. In addition, the Surgical and Emergency Departments at JFK Hospital, one of the country’s major referral hospitals, closed (UNFPA, 2014). In 2014, approximately 800,000 women in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone gave birth, of whom 120,000 faced life-threatening complications.
Image of page 42
Image of page 43

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 116 pages?

  • Fall '19
  • West Africa

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors