• By 1896, there were 26 million acres in mind to put in forest reserves. Many near Colorado and California had such forest reserves, leading many to question the amount of the President’s power. “The government is coming in and locking in the land” thoughts led to opposing forest reserves. • In such controversy, Cleveland formed a National Forestry Commission that consisted of 5 members, one of whom was Pinchot (the only forester, the others were horticulturists, biologists, botanists) • Pinchot set up a shop in NYC and set up a shop with an only client, George Vanderbilt, who hired him to practice forestry in the Biltmore state, until he was asked to join the Commission John Muir was invited to be a tour guide for the Commission • Commission traveled to the west, went to the Grand Canyon in western territory. Muir and Pinchot spent their time in the Grand Canyon while the other’s travelled the woods. With the Midnight Proclamations, Cleveland established another 21 million acres for forest reserves. Thereby million acres of reserves were held without any ideas for the use of the lands. • Pinchot defied the Commission in terms of deciding what would be said about the reserves, and thus lobbied for a commercial on the reserves. Pinchot wrote laws that would be passed, resulting in the Forest Management Act in June 4 th , 1987. • The Forest Management Act: “to furnish a continuous supply of timber for the use and..” that defied the use of logging, mining, and grazing The Dept. of The Interior had a General Land Office (GLO), which was considered by Pinchot a corrupt land office that had caused the destruction of public lands, and thereby no forestry. • Pinchot returned to Biltmore Estate and other places he had developed. 1898 however, he was asked to become the direct of the Division of Forestry, which was in Department of Agriculture, where Pinchot believed the forest should be manufactured from.
Gifford Pinchot and the National Forest Idea – Lecture 11 18:05 Progressivism, the movement from 1890 to 1920, which grew out of rampit corruption of business and politics. This is the time big business became in control of government, monopolies of all kind (oil, steel, etc) • Progressives were urban, middle class, educated and trained professionals. These were the people who came in and believed in government. Two schools of thought. One philosophy was to break progressives into groups, and the other philosophy was to mix big business with big government. • Showed United States can compete against the world. However, unregulated big business can cause abuses, such as abuses of forests being cut down and being cut at the next bridge. Other abuses include the corruption of the government, of people, of shops and stores, etc. • The monopolies are inefficient. Any monopolistic companies were considered inefficient, who would work with the progressives in order to make things better. For example, the land companies had a lack of forestry, the loss of buffaloes, etc.
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