Basically stated that many other societies were

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Basically stated that many other societies were unable to deal with the abstract and the theoretical thought that Europeans “developed between the ages of 12 and 15” Did not have any direct knowledge of non-European psychology Tested non- western people (particularly Africans) (Israeli psychologists compared Arabs and Jews) Looked at old primitive- mind doctrine as facts because prejudice based studies were created by Europeans, administered by Europeans, in Europeanized settings. As a result “ cross- cultural psychology” gained a bad name (ethnocentrism) – until late 1980’s, when it changed direction. Sociology and Economics Rationality doctrine was most influential amongst these two fields that were seen as closest to the modernization doctrine, particularly amongst academics who were involved in making and implementing the policies being put into place in the 1950’s and 60’s in order to develop underdeveloped countries. These sphere of ideas were crucial to the politics of modernization, for three reasons: 1. The need to validate diffusionism. 2. The spread of new ideas and new techniques
was cheaper than development involving flows of capital and industrial development. 3. Development at the level of ideas, of research, extension, education, and so on was not “threatening;” it would not produce the dangers of revolution and counterrevolution implicit in efforts to change the relation of power groups to effectuate land reform. Everett Rogers, a rural sociologist; David McClelland, a social psychologist; and Everett Hagen, an economist provided highly influential contributions Rogers: leader of the movement to sort out peasant mentalities into those that are prodevelopment and those that are noninnovative and “laggard.” The crucial notion was the idea of diffusion of rationality into rural non-European communities. McClelland: claimed that non-Western peoples in general have not modernized because they lack the proper “need-achievement” motivation. (Theory: peasants are unwilling to change- therefore oppressive of innovative children) Even in Geography, Robert Sack, (Eurocentric theory) – most non-Western people (primitives and most peasants) cannot think in spatial terms the way modern Western adults can. Ex: cannot cope with natural disasters like drought and hurricane. Blaut isn’t suggesting that non-Western nonrationality is fully hegemonic in modern scholarship but rather, that in general the doctrine still remains dominant (except in Anthropology and Economics) Rationality and the European Miracle: European rationality is often called “Weberian,” because Max Weber made important use of the idea in various explanations for European social evolution and various negative judgments about the lesser rationality of other societies.

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