Europeans have a natural rationality that promotes

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-Europeans have a natural rationality that promotes progression to modern political forms -Non-Europeans are naturally cruel, barabaric, and easily apt to be dominated - Europe’s natural environment supports modernization and gives political modernization a boost. Church -These churches are claimed to unify Europe in the Middle Ages -Unity was in other empires and cultures such as in the Muslim culture -But, Blaut argues that the church actually did not give Europe superiority that other countries did not have 1 Class - Classless societies are irrelevant and inferior to Europeans because they are stagnant and did not progress as Europeans did - But, “barbarian tribes,” Germans, Celts, and Slavs were very progressive, innovative, aggressive, and inquisitive from the ideas of the Romans. Sean Feng #24481371 Family Common belief: European families are more rational and civilized than other family types Family types actually lie on a continuum from traditional to modern o Traditional families: large, extended family, high birth dates AKA pre-industrial families o Modern Families: small, looser kin ties, fewer children AKA nuclear family households Think more individualistically than entrepreneurially o Transition from traditional modern = high birth rate & death rate low birth rate & death rate
Modernization theory says other countries will go through the same transition These are ALL based on assumptions. o There actually is no evidence between birth rate and size of household. Though, there was a correlation between modern families and low birth rates. o There was an assumption that a breadwinner would work harder for his children and his wife than he would for a large extended family including parents, cousins, and other relations Different forms of social organization can be equally modern. In 1960’s, John Hajnal introduced an idea that Europeans were ahead of their time o Lower birthrate o Marrying later in life o Others had high and uncontrolled birthrates while preindustrial Europe had a rational family system and population control However, many who says Europe was first haven’t considered whether families in other societies are the same way Modernization theory: extended family nuclear family o European miracle historians argue that this is a European familial system and they also assert that non Europeans lack these patterns o Many nuclear families in non-europe existed: 60% peasant househols in China Latin America India o Many EM historians also believed western European marriages were grounded in “love,” while all others were arranged. o Many EM historians also believed that because they have nuclear families, they have a specific personality: individualistic, competitive, acquisitive, and caring This theory of unique European families are used today 1. Normal humans aren’t rational enough to control sexual behavior so they overproduce, starve, and when enough people have died, they start overproducing again.

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