Donors can also press for the promotion protection and respect of child rights

Donors can also press for the promotion protection

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Donors can also press for the promotion, protection and respect of child rights by recipient governments. While donors in some instances have moved away from attaching conditions to bilateral aid, it can be a powerful tool to secure commitment to child rights standards. Donors can also earmark aid for capacity development for national institutions that further a child rights agenda. 8.2 Assuring Resources are Available for Child Rights 20
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DRAFT – Toolkit on Child Rights in Humanitarian Crises and Post-Crisis Transition, July 2012 Crises often negatively impact local financial systems while at the same time placing urgent new demands on a government’s existing resources. Donors help to address this problem in three important ways: bilaterally as support to affected governments, through agreements with international organizations, and through common funds. Instead of targeting specific sectors for support, donors have begun to pool their contributions in common emergency funds. 8.3 Funding Mechanisms As a part of humanitarian reform, several multi-donor funds have developed over the past decade to provide rapidly accessible resources for humanitarian response and post-crisis recovery. The list includes, Consolidated Appeals, Central Emergency Response Funds, Emergency Response Funds, Common Humanitarian Fund/Pooled Funds (CHF), Multi-Donor Trust Fund (MDTF), Peacebuilding Fund, among others. Key element of a rights-based approach can and should be reflected in funding proposals. Tool 10 provides an example of a checklist questions designed to help project developers and project reviewers assess the extent to which Consolidated Appeal project (CAP)sheets are rights-sensitive (with a focus on the needs assessment, activities and outcomes sections of the CAP sheet). The questions should be considered indicative and not all the questions need to be answered. These questions can be adapted to assess the content different funding proposals. 8.4 Setting Funding Priorities Donors influence which rights are addressed by setting funding priorities. The limitations placed on the CERF, for example, constrain the use of funds to those programs which affect survival. In practice, this has meant that education and protection sectors have found it difficult to access this key pool of resources for their work, with direct consequences for children. For example, the Machel Strategic Review pointed to the need for timely and well-funded response to separation: Concerted efforts to reunite war-affected children with their families often start too late, sometimes many months or even years after the onset of the emergency. In other cases, insufficient resources are set aside for family tracing and reunification efforts. The consequence is that thousands of separated children may never see their families again. xv Donor can also set priorities by attaching conditions to funds. This can include to other governments, but also to organizations. An increasing amount of work in fragile states and crises has been contracted to private for-profit consulting companies.
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  • Summer '16
  • Ramon Wawire
  • Child Rights

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