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Where?When?Why? (Why is this significant?)Hong XiuquanFailed the civil service exam 4 times, causinghim to hate the state. Influenced by Christianmissionaries. Claimed to be "God's ChineseSon," capitalizing on existing messianicexpectations. Led the Taiping Rebellion.Taiping gender agendaWanted to bring about more gender equality.Ban footbinding because it was restrictive towomen. Also wanted to ban concubinesLand reformsWanted abolition of private property. They sawmost of China's property was in the hands of thevery small elite. They believed in a radicalredistribution of land.Communal organizationThis was socialism to the extreme. They wanteda set of collective granaries where food would bestored. In times of celebration and mourningeveryone would get an equal share from thepublic granary. If there was a famine thegranaries would provide an interdependent reliefsystem.Self-Strengthening MovementStarted with the recruitment of Yung Wingcreating the first munitions factory. Yung Wingand Zeng Guofan constructed the Jiang-nanarsenal. They then passed some feeble anddesperate measures. China lacked theresources for rapid modernization. Believed in"Western technology, Chinese morality" whichmeant keep tradition but still add on technology.Feng Guifen started the Yangwu movementwhere he encouraged people to stop wastingtheir talents on the civil service exams andinstead going to study math and science.China1860-1895One Hundred Days Reforms 1898Emperor Guangxu, 24years old in 1898Political reforms including freespeech/press/submission of imperial memorials.Improved infrastructure. Western-style military.Patent and copyright laws (more incentive forinnovation). Government support ofentrepreneurial enterprises (even though againstConfucius). Education reforms including China'sfirst university, women's education, abolition ofthe literary essay in the civil service exam. Onlylasted 100 days because Empress Dowager Cixicame out of retirementChinaKang YouweiFounded the Anti-Foot Binding Society. Believedthat women should participate in the military aspart of nation-building.Views regarding marriageKang rejected the social institution of marriage.Believed marriage was the most oppressiveforce on women and that it denies them the littlefreedom they had in traditional China. Instead,he suggested free contractual relations. Man andwoman sign a contract to be together for aperiod of time and after the time expires they arefree to renew it or pursue other people.Liang Qichao"Nationalism and women's emancipation gohand in hand." Half the population shouldn't bedependent/non-productive. Founded China's firstschool for girls in 1898.6
Who?What?Where?When?Why? (Why is this significant?)Anti Foot Binding SocietyKang Youwei1858-1927, attacked the institution of marriageclaiming it produces the institution of the familyclaiming it is the route of evil because it all comesdown to what is best for the patriarch of the family.