When why why is this significant hong xiuquan failed

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Where? When? Why? (Why is this significant?) Hong Xiuquan Failed the civil service exam 4 times, causing him to hate the state. Influenced by Christian missionaries. Claimed to be "God's Chinese Son," capitalizing on existing messianic expectations. Led the Taiping Rebellion. Taiping gender agenda Wanted to bring about more gender equality. Ban footbinding because it was restrictive to women. Also wanted to ban concubines Land reforms Wanted abolition of private property. They saw most of China's property was in the hands of the very small elite. They believed in a radical redistribution of land. Communal organization This was socialism to the extreme. They wanted a set of collective granaries where food would be stored. In times of celebration and mourning everyone would get an equal share from the public granary. If there was a famine the granaries would provide an interdependent relief system. Self-Strengthening Movement Started with the recruitment of Yung Wing creating the first munitions factory. Yung Wing and Zeng Guofan constructed the Jiang-nan arsenal. They then passed some feeble and desperate measures. China lacked the resources for rapid modernization. Believed in "Western technology, Chinese morality" which meant keep tradition but still add on technology. Feng Guifen started the Yangwu movement where he encouraged people to stop wasting their talents on the civil service exams and instead going to study math and science. China 1860-1895 One Hundred Days Reforms 1898 Emperor Guangxu, 24 years old in 1898 Political reforms including free speech/press/submission of imperial memorials. Improved infrastructure. Western-style military. Patent and copyright laws (more incentive for innovation). Government support of entrepreneurial enterprises (even though against Confucius). Education reforms including China's first university, women's education, abolition of the literary essay in the civil service exam. Only lasted 100 days because Empress Dowager Cixi came out of retirement China Kang Youwei Founded the Anti-Foot Binding Society. Believed that women should participate in the military as part of nation-building. Views regarding marriage Kang rejected the social institution of marriage. Believed marriage was the most oppressive force on women and that it denies them the little freedom they had in traditional China. Instead, he suggested free contractual relations. Man and woman sign a contract to be together for a period of time and after the time expires they are free to renew it or pursue other people. Liang Qichao "Nationalism and women's emancipation go hand in hand." Half the population shouldn't be dependent/non-productive. Founded China's first school for girls in 1898. 6
Who? What? Where? When? Why? (Why is this significant?) Anti Foot Binding Society Kang Youwei 1858-1927, attacked the institution of marriage claiming it produces the institution of the family claiming it is the route of evil because it all comes down to what is best for the patriarch of the family.

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