E colonists undoubtedly would have liked military

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e. Colonists undoubtedly would have liked military protection from native populations but in most cases, provided it for themselves. Question 10 a. There were some efforts at peace with native populations, but settlers also had little trouble defending their land claims. b. The slave trade did not become a thriving component of the Chesapeake economy until later in the seventeenth century. c. Rice cultivation occurred in the Carolinas, where it would become an economic mainstay. d. Many new settlers did arrive in the colony, but that fact alone did little to impact its economy until the advent of a staple crop. e. Correct answer. John Rolfe, who was married to Pocahontas, perfected tobacco cultivation to eliminate its bitter taste by 1612, literally transforming the colony’s economy into a major tobacco producer and exporter. Farmers devoted nearly all of their land to it, even having to import food supplies rather than growing their own. Question 11 a. Correct answer. Slave codes began in the Caribbean (Barbados) in 1661, where large numbers of black slaves were imported to work the sugar plantations. Whites, fearing insurrection and other difficulties in managing the growing black population, enacted harsh codes that severely limited slaves’ rights and gave masters wide latitude in controlling them—including the use of extreme violence. b. Slave codes did not have anything to do with the number or source of slaves brought to the colonies. c. The slave codes were only about controlling the slave population and preventing a potential rebellion by restricting slave behavior. They said nothing about the slave trade itself. d. In truth, the slave codes actually encouraged violence by masters to discipline slaves —even to the point of death. e. Slavery was gradually imported into the mainland colonies and did not require any laws to be passed for it to occur. Question 12 a. The English crown wanted Georgia to serve as a buffer that would protect the Carolinas from encroachment by Spaniards from Florida and French from Louisiana. b. The philanthropist founders included soldier-statesman James Oglethorpe, who adopted the cause of indebted prisoners when a friend of his died in a debtors’ jail. He
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and others saw the Georgia colony as a second chance for those imprisoned for debt to begin afresh. c. Correct answer. While Georgia would eventually become a slave state, the philanthropist founders of what was initially nicknamed the “Charity Colony” abhorred slavery and passed antislavery laws in the hopes of permanently keeping it from the colony. d. Many of the early founders hoped to produce silk and wine in the Georgia colony. e. Missionaries came to Georgia seeking to convert Indians and work with those released from debtors’ prison. Among them was John Wesley, who later founded the Methodist Church.
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