PH100 Lecture Notes

• frankfurt the case of jones4 shows that pap is

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Unformatted text preview: • Frankfurt: the case of Jones4 shows that PAP is false. Jones4 is morally responsible for doing something even though he could not have acted otherwise. ◦ p. 836 - “.... But there may be circumstances that make it impossible for a person to avoid performing some action without those circumstances in any way bringing it about that he performs that action. “ PAP is false because there is a counterexample to PAP (1) there are circumstances that make it impossible for a person to avoid performing some action (2) those circumstances do not causally necessitate the performance of that action. If the circumstances that make it impossible for a person to avoid doing X are the same as those that cause him to do X, then that person does not seem to be morally responsible for doing X. Example: hypnotic suggestion. November 1, 2012: The Illusion of Conscious Will Conscious will – understood as the revelation of a causal sequence (the mind causing the body) – is an illusion. The experience of conscious will isn't causally potent. It is instead an indication that we think that we have caused an action. Conscious will is ambiguous • “something that is experienced when we perform an action” (649) – experience of conscious will • a “force” of the mind: a causal link between minds and actions – causation of an action Wegner: • We confuse the experience of conscious will with the causation of an action. • We do not cause our actions. It simply appears to us that we do. • Every experience of conscious will is illusory. The experience of conscious will • In this sense, conscious will is a feeling • It is “not some cause or force or motor in person” (650) • You need to experience the will in order to say that you would consciously willed something. • Does not always accompany actions that seem to be willed ◦ Alien hand syndrome ▪ alien hand moves autonomously ▪ patients do not experience willing their hand to move → no experience of conscious will (i.e., no feeling of doing) but yet there is a doing ◦ Hypnotic suggestion ▪ Your arm is falling ▪ “My arm will fall” (expectation) vs. “I will lower my arm” (intention) • Wegner: Conscious will is lacking even though the person knows that the arm will fall ◦ Table-turning ▪ The table turns ▪ Participants are not conscious that they are moving the table (but they indeed are moving the table) Illusions of control • We think that we are causing an action or event even though we are not ◦ e.g., turning on a light by flipping a switch, when the switch isn't connected to the light and the light goes randomly; jinxing Conditions of human action Feeling of Doing No Feeling of Doing Doing Normal voluntary action Automatism Not doing Illusion of control Normal inaction Double dissociation : cases in which we have the experience of conscious will but not a doing, and cases in which we have a doing but no experience of conscious will • Wegner, p. 651 The force of conscious will...
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• Frankfurt the case of Jones4 shows that PAP is false...

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