B the frequency of sexual activity will fall steeply

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b. the frequency of sexual activity will fall steeply after the first year. c. Len’s interest in sex will remain high, but Maria’s will decrease. d. the frequency of sexual activity will decrease gradually over 5 years. ANS: B DIF: Moderate OBJ: 11.4c MSC: Remembering NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology
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95. Leo and Penny have been in a committed relationship for years. They trust each other and share their secrets. However, there is no desire in the relationship. This relationship is an example of __________ love. a. companionate b. romantic c. passionate d. physical ANS: A DIF: Moderate OBJ: 11.4c MSC: Understanding NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 96. Passionate love is associated with changes in what brain structures? a. decreased activity in brain circuits that control impulses b. increased activity in the prefrontal cortex c. decreased activity in the prefrontal cortex d. increased activity in the dopamine reward systems ANS: D DIF: Moderate OBJ: 11.4c MSC: Understanding NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 97. Alyssa and Orlando’s first year together was intense and arousing. Three years later, their relationship involves deep caring and intimacy. Alyssa and Orlando’s relationship has moved from __________ love to __________ love. a. companionate; passionate b. passionate; companionate c. infatuated; accommodated d. accommodated; infatuated ANS: B DIF: Moderate OBJ: 11.4c MSC: Understanding NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 98. Which of the following is NOT an interpersonal style that typically leads to relationship problems? a. mentally withdrawing from the relationship b. contempt for the partner c. being overly critical d. being constantly angry ANS: D DIF: Moderate OBJ: 11.4d MSC: Remembering NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 99. When Jack yells, his wife Jill either overlooks it or responds constructively. Jill is using __________ to keep her relationship happy. a. accommodation b. personal attributions c. attributional bias d. adaptation ANS: A DIF: Moderate OBJ: 11.4d MSC: Remembering NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology
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100. Whenever Marty cooks dinner, his wife praises him for his thoughtfulness. She recognizes Marty’s good deeds by using __________ attributions, which helps keep her relationship happy. a. personal b. situational c. accommodation d. companionate ANS: A DIF: Moderate OBJ: 11.4d MSC: Understanding NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology SHORT ANSWER 1. a. Explain the difference between a personal and situational attribution. b. Explain how making a personal attribution influences the just world hypothesis. ANS: Suggested answer: A. A personal attribution is when we explain outcomes based on internal factors such as personality. A situational attribution is when we explain outcomes based on external factors such as situations, environment, luck, or the actions of others. B. The just world hypothesis is when we make internal/personal attributions about a victim, such that the victim must have done something to justify what happened to her. This makes the act seem understandable and more justified and makes the world seem safer and saner.
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