Transformed itself from a passing force into an active force in international affairs. It views mission as that of a catalyst for and supporter of development UNESCO vital role to play Current economic relations between industrialized and developing countries certainly must be transformed, but on their own they cannot change the political and socio-cultural factors that shape integrated developments. UNESCO has task of helping: to enlarge the scientific and technological bases which permit each country to use its natural resources better;…to increase and improve communications and information systems; to promote progress of social sciences so that each society can undertake its own studies and utilize the instruments of change without losing its identity . Formally established as specialized agency of UN in 1946. UNESCO entered international arena with 20 member states, vast majority being core nations. Budget drawn from levy imposed on each member state. Early years all members were core or semi peripheral nations Peripheral nations began joining UNESCO after WWII. Many were former colonies of European Core Nations Created tense working environment. Today delegates from several peripheral nations hold senior positions in UNESCO, most peripheral nations view UNESCO as one specialized agency of UN which understands them and promotes their needs and agenda with focus on broad range of development initiatives. UNESCO mandate is broad, covering educational, scientific, cultural & communication programs & research projects around the world. The convening & sponsoring of international mistrial and research conferences to discuss various aspects of this broad mandate is on UNESCO’s most important and time-consuming tasks. Through this UNESCO became a major player in international communication debates that led to NWICO. Western nations particularly Britain, France and US dominated UNESCO. Beginning in 1950s Today power and influence shifted as a result of continual addition of former colonies One country one vote procedures that govern agency have provided peripheral nations with a voice and power During 60s, shared ideological and economic conditions of several of peripheral nations led to development of power bloc or lobby known as Group of 77. Bloc has grown to include well over 100 nations, role and that of these newly emerged nations within UNESCO is fraught with contradictions Since UN set up by victorious allied powers, has stamp of Western ways of thinking. Record in anti colonialism is good and made considerable contribution to emergence of new states. Many nations want to become modern industrialized countries with all media trappings that money and technology permit such as colour digital TV, personal computers, Cell phones & satellites, BUT many lack even basic telecommunication infrastructures for telephone let alone sophisticated ground terminals for satellite TV
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- Winter '16
- Helen Hambly
- Mass Media