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Chapter 6: Antibacterial Drugs-Sulfonamides PrepU QuestionsSulfonamides are classified as which type of medication?AntibacterialDrugs that destroy bacteria are known as which type of drug?BacteriocidalA client has been prescribed 4 gm of sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim tablets per day. The available drug is in the form of 500 mg. To meet the recommended dose, the nurse will administer _______ tablets each day.8The nurse knows that the normal recommended time to administer a sulfonamide to a client is at which time?1 hour before or 2 hours after mealsThe client admitted to the hospital is ordered sulfasalazine 500 mg QID. The drug comes from the pharmacy in 1000-mg capsules. What is the best action by the nurse?Administer 1/2 capsuleWhich category of antimicrobial agents is used chiefly because of low cost and effectiveness in treating common bacterial infections?SulfonamidesA nurse is caring for a client with crystalluria. When caring for the client, which intervention would the nurse include in the plan of care to prevent more stones from forming?Instruct the client to increase fluid intake to 2000 mL.A nurse is monitoring a client on sulfonamide therapy. Which finding would lead the nurse to suspect that the client is developing thrombocytopenia?unusual bleedingWhat medical diagnosis is often treated with sulfasalazine therapy? Select all that apply.rheumatoid arthritisulcerative colitisA nurse is teaching a client how to apply a topical sulfonamide to a burn. Which statement by the client would indicate that the teaching was effective?“I will apply it in a very thin layer over the area.”The pharmacology instructor is teaching about sulfonamides and informs the students that these drugs are used to control infections caused by which bacteria?Both gram positive and gram negative
Chapter 6: Antibacterial Drugs-Sulfonamides PrepU QuestionsThe nurse is caring for four clients on a medical floor. For which client would the nurse suspect the health care provider might order a sulfonamide?A 35-year-old woman with a urinary tract infection and a history of ulcerative colitisA male client with diabetes who controls his disease with an oral agent and diet has been hospitalized with a urinary tract infection. The physician has ordered sulfasalazine 500 mg QID. What should the nurse closely monitor for in this client?Hypoglycemic reactionThe nurse instructs a client on sulfonamide therapy to drink a full glass of water when taking the medication and to also drink at least 8 large glasses of water each day until therapy is finished. The nurseis trying to prevent which complication associated with sulfonamide therapy?.