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(since people were so interested in his house) The story is classic/original gothic The Lord Manfred is cursed and there are ghosts in the castle (such as a giant suit of armor or a food, some normal ghosts too) The story was about a family mystery/secrets and expected references to gothic architecture The unique aspect: he presented the story with a sense of fake reality –he said he didn’t write this but found old Italian manuscripts that he translated Story led to copycats and a rise in interest in middle ages (this was prototype) Real first author who creates idea of gothic literature: Anne Radcliffe(1764-1823)
oWomen weren’t appreciated as authors before but the main readers of gothic literature were women who read serialized stories in magazines oMostly women writers for this period oAnne Radcliffe wrote The Castles of Athlin & Dunbayne(1789), a gothic romance Has mystery and supernatural castles Solitary heroine: intelligent, single aloof woman comes to castle and discovers it’s mysteries (leads to Jane Eyre)Main fault: she explained the supernatural elements away oMost popular work: The Mysteries of UdolphooHer novels relied on psychological terror/thrills –things unknown are scarier than the known (like Hitchcock) oShe creates the classic style of gothic literature There were parallel developments in Great Britain, France & Germany primarily at the same time as Anne Radcliffe oMary Shelly wrote Frankenstein oThe Vampyre (1819) published by Lord Byron Actually by John Polidori (in the medical field) Lord Byron was the poet symbol of romanticism –he created the Don Juan character (he was the original player) Publisher put Lord Byron so the book would sell (and Byron himself was also writing a vampire story) The Vampyre had a Byronic hero –a player/high society man who could see people as fake and abused them emotionally/physically John Polidori’s vampire was a literal and figurative monsterLord Ruthven is the first aristocratic vampire (most editions removed the part about incest with his sisters) oWake Not the Dead (1823) Originally attributed to the wrong author, by Erast Raupach First female vampire (not explicitly stated so more like a prototype for female vampires) Presented like a fairytale Girl named Brunhilda –her husband Lord Walter was sad she died and he got a sorcerer to bring back her body but the spirit was not her own The resurrected Brunhilda was evil, killed, and could turn into snakes Later versions were called The Vampire Bride oVarney the Vampire (1845-1847) By 1850s, gothic literature was not as popular The story may have two authors, highly debated, we go with Thomas Prest Serialized type of story in a journal called penny dreadfuls They cost 1 penny and involve dreadful content (horror stories) Cheap, street literature (escapist literature) Most popular serialized story Known for many error in grammar, syntax, plot errors
It was really dragged out like a gothic soap opera because the author was