High stakes testing causes additional damage to the many students of color who

High stakes testing causes additional damage to the

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High stakes testing causes additional damage to the many students of color who are English language learners. The tests are often inaccurate for ELLs, leading to misplacement or retention. ELLs are, alongside students with disabilities, those least likely to pass graduation tests. African Americans, especially boys, are disproportionately placed or misplaced in special education, frequently based on test results. These programs often fail to fully educate them Subpoint C: Voting AFF reduces how much colleges and universities look at test scores, which are based on family income and ethnicity. In colleges that currently don’t require these test scores, diversity is higher. Sanchez ’18 . [Claudio Sanchez, 4-26-2018, "Study: Colleges That Ditch The SAT And ACT Can Enhance Diversity ," NPR.org, ] NC There are now well over 1,000 colleges and universities that don't require SAT or ACT scores in deciding whom to admit , a number that's growing every year. And a new study finds that scores on those tests are of little value in predicting students' performance in college , and raises the question: Should those tests be required at all? Colleges that have gone "test optional" enroll — and graduate — a higher proportion of low-income and first generation-students, and more students from diverse backgrounds , the researchers found in the study, Defining Access: How Test-Optional Works. "Our research clearly demonstrates that these students graduate often at a higher rate ," said Steve Syverson, an assistant vice chancellor at the University of Washington Bothell, and co-author of the study. "When a college considers going test-optional, one of the first reactions that people, including alumni, feel is that the college will be admitting less qualified students," he added. Syverson says the study should reassure admissions officials who've decided to go test-optional. Syverson and his team of researchers studied 28 public and private institutions that no longer require test scores, and tracked about 956,000 individual student records. Students like Ian Haimowitz, a sophomore at George Washington University, a test-optional school in Washington D.C. He says in the beginning, he felt like a fish out of water. "I know for a fact I'm the first Nicaraguan-American, the first Latino, the first Jewish Latino that a lot of kids meet," he says. He adds that when he arrived at GW, he looked around and asked himself, "What am I doing here with kids who went to private schools and got the best education possible?" It was a very different world than he grew up in back in New Mexico. "I remember my freshman year of high school, I didn't have a math teacher. Maybe that's why you see in my test score that I didn't have a good grounding in math. But I believed my potential was still there." Ian was a straight-A student in high school, but his SAT scores were so low he didn't think any top tier school would accept him. He says not having to submit his test
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