Eagerly consume other ppls goods and practices re confirm that their culture

Eagerly consume other ppls goods and practices re

This preview shows page 7 - 9 out of 15 pages.

Eagerly consume other ppl’s goods and practices & re-confirm that their culture was superior Discovered a set of universal laws that applied to everyone, everywhere around the world; universal natural laws instead of christian belief in divine intervention Schools still church run, punishment of radical thinkers, censorship, arbitrary taxation Ease of new books & ideas lead ppl to challenge established beliefs and institutional and undermine royal authority
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Encyclopedie- comprehensive work of learning of the French enlightenment Creating Hybrid Cultures in the Americas Mingling between colonizers, native peoples, and African slaves produce hybrid cultures → imbalanced as Europeans dominate with germs and Christianity to civilize them(coerce them into believing) Scarcity of European women = mixing with Amerindians and Europeans Creoles(ppl born in the americas) increasingly resent control of peninsulares (ppl born in Europe living in America) Heavily influenced by Britain & enlightenment bc get a lot of goods & books from there Influence of European Culture in Oceania Travel further than had before to invade these unexplored areas Australia previously untouched, but anglicized after they take over Take their raw materials, kill them with disease Turn it into prison colony → reform them through “enlightened” dreams Ch. 15 Reording the World Revolutionary Transformations and New Languages of Freedom Ppl began to dislike mercantilist system → want free trade, laissez faire → lead to more efficiency more literate → call for state to adopt more just practices General demand for popular sovereignty; power with the people & nation states!(nationalism) Still exploit slaves, deny equality for women, restrict colonial economies, etc. Political Reorderings The North American War of Independence (1776-1783) Locke: social contract Representative democracy, arguments over slavery French Revolution (1789-1799) Louis XVI help American revolution → debt → raise taxes so call together Estates General Third Estate declare themselves to be a National Assembly raid Bastille for arms & abolish privileges of nobility and clergy for a new era of liberty, equality, and fraternity Reign of Terror → justified in terms of defending the Republic Napoleon Bonaparte take over and put security and order ahead of social reform, eased religious tensions The Napoleonic Era Military campaigns to build vast empire & found national traditions and borders → harder to take over Laid foundation for Nationalist Strife Revolution in Saint-Domingue (Haiti) Colony that broke away from France → revolution from the bottom rungs of the social ladder: slaves Blacks outnumber whites 25:2 & sugar plantations exceptionally brutal Slaves fought French forces → 1793 Abolish slavery; former slaves take control of island Free country ruled by former slaves sent shudders across Western Hemisphere
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