In 1809 Scott decided that John Ballantyne & Company would enter the world of publishing.Over the next few years Scott wrote and published The Lay of the Lake(1810), Rokeby(1813)and The Bridal of Triermain(1813). That year Scott merged his publishing interests with those ofhis former rival, Archibald Constable.Scott refused the offer of poet laureate in 1813 and recommended Robert Southey for the post.Scott now turned from poetry to the novel. Over the next ten years he anonymously publishedseveral novels includingWaverly(1814), Guy Mannering(1815), The Antiquary(1816), RobRoy(1817), The Heart of Midlothian(1818) and Ivanhoe(1819). Walter Scott was created abaronet in 1820.Scott, who had established the form of the historical novel, was an extremely popular writer.However, Scott's publishing ventures went bankrupt in 1826 and Scott found himself liable for adebt of £114,000. Scott worked tirelessly to pay off his creditors and over the next few yearswrote Woodstock(1826), The Fair Maid of Perth(1828), Anne of Geierstein(1829) and CountRobert of Paris(1831).Sir Walter Scott suffered his first stroke on 15th February 1830. He retired as principal clerk tothe court of session in November with a pension of £864, and soon afterwards suffered a second,damaging stroke. He made a slow recovery but in April 1831 he had a third stroke. He died atAbbotsford on 21st September 1832Jane AustenJane Austenwas born on December 16, 1775, in Steventon, Hampshire, England. While notwidely known in her own time, Austen's comic novels of love among the landed gentry gainedpopularity after 1869, and her reputation skyrocketed in the 20th century. Her novels,includingPride and PrejudiceandSense and Sensibility, are considered literary classics,bridging the gap between romance and realism.Early LifeThe seventh child and second daughter of Cassandra and George Austen, Jane Austen was bornon December 16, 1775, in Steventon, Hampshire, England. Jane's parents were well-respectedcommunity members. Her father served as the Oxford-educated rector for a nearby Anglicanparish. The family was close and the children grew up in an environment that stressed learningand creative thinking. When Jane was young, she and her siblings were encouraged to read fromtheir father's extensive library. The children also authored and put on plays and charades.Over the span of her life, Jane would become especially close to her father and older sister,Cassandra. Indeed, she and Cassandra would one day collaborate on a published work. In order to acquire a more formal education, Jane and Cassandra were sent to boarding schoolsduring Jane's pre-adolescence. During this time, Jane and her sister caught typhus, with Janenearly succumbing to the illness. After a short period of formal education cut short by financialconstraints, they returned home and lived with the family from that time forward.
Literary WorksEver fascinated by the world of stories, Jane began to write in bound notebooks. In the 1790s,during her adolescence, she started to craft her own novels and wrote Love and Freindship[sic],a parody of romantic fiction organized as a series of love letters. Using that framework, she