Ancient Science Notes.docx

Old new pythagoreans heraclitus parmenides democritus

This preview shows page 4 - 5 out of 16 pages.

Old- new (pythagoreans, Heraclitus, Parmenides, Democritus Anaxagoras Empedocles, Aristotle Plato, “Hippocratic medicine – is there any such thing? Humoral theories (Nature of Man) may be connected to qualities Regimen may be connected to humoural theories Location (airs, waters, places) Qualities may be connected to location and regimen Bodily structures (wandering womb) Surgical texts Hippocrates This lecture is not intended for those who are accustoms to hear discourses which inquire more deeply into the human constitution than is profitable for medical study. I am not going to assert thatman is all air, or fire, or water, or earth, or in fact anything but what manifestly composes his body; let those who like discuss such matters. They all, theorizing, draw the same deduction, asserting that there is one basic substance which is unique and the basis of everything, but they call it by different names, one insisting that it is air, another that it is fire, another water, another earth. Each adds arguments and proofs to support his contention, all of which mean nothing. I need say not more about these theorists. But when we come to physicians, we find that some assert that man is composed of blood, others of bile and some of phlegm. But these too all make the same point, asserting that there is a basic unity of substance, although they each give it a different name and so change its appearance and properties under stress of heat and cold, becoming sweet or bitter, white or black and so forth. I hold that if man were basically of one substance, he would never feel pain, since, being one, there would be nothing to hurt. Parmenides What-is is ungenerated and unperishable; whole, single, steadfast and complete; Nor was it once nor will it be, for now it is, one, continuous, together… For if it came to be, it is not; nor is it if it is going to be Nor is it divisible, since all alike is It is changeless and not lacking and whole. Hippocrates Nature of Man In the first place, generation cannot arise from a single substance. For how could one thing generate another unless it copulated with some other? Secondly, unless the things which sopulated were of the same species and had the same generative capabilities, we should not get these results. Again, if the hot goes not stand in a fair and reasonable proportion to the
Image of page 4

Subscribe to view the full document.

cold, and likewise the dry to the wet (if, for instance one preponderates over the other, one being much stronger and the other much weaker) then generation would be impossible. The human body contains blood, phlegm, yellow bile and black bile. These are the things that make up its constitution and cause its pains and heath. Health is primarily that state in which these constituent substances are in the correct proportion to each other, both in strength and quantity and are well mixed. Pain occurs when one of the substances presents either a deficiency or an excess, or is separated in the body and not mixed with the others.
Image of page 5
You've reached the end of this preview.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern