midterm1-fall12-solutions

Use any list library functions(such as fold or to

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Unformatted text preview: use any list library functions (such as fold , or @ ) to solve this problem. If you would like to use a helper function in your answer, you must define it. let rec intersperse (c:’a) (l:’a list) : ’a list = begin match l with | -> | [x] -> [x] | x::xs -> x::c::(intersperse c xs) end Grading scheme: • no deduction for minor syntax errors •-2 incorrect Nil case •-3 incorrect Singleton case •-5 Not recursing/pattern matching on correct list • various other errors at discretion 3 2. List Processing (20 points) For each of the following programs, write the value computed for r : a. let rec h (l:int list) : int = begin match l with | -> 0 | x::xs -> x * (h xs) end let r : int = h [1;2;3] b. let rec g (l:’a list) : ’a list = begin match l with | -> | [x] -> [x] | x::y::xs -> if x < y then x::(g (y::xs)) else y::(g (x::xs)) end let r : int list = g [1;3;2;0] [1;2;0;3] c. let rec f (p: ’a -> bool) (l:’a list) : ’a list * ’a list = begin match l with | -> (, ) | x::xs -> let (l,r) = f p xs in if p x then (x::l, r) else (l, x::r) end let r : (int list * int list) = f ( fun (x:int) -> x > 0) [0;1;2;-3;4] ([1;2;4], [0;-3]) 4 The last two programs refer to the following definitions. let rec transform (f: ’a -> ’b) (x: ’a list): ’b list = begin match x with | -> | h :: t -> (f h) :: (transform f t) end let rec fold (combine: ’a -> ’b -> ’b) (base: ’b) (x: ’a list): ’b = begin match x with | -> base | h :: t -> combine h (fold combine base t) end d. let k (x: ’a list) : ’a list = fold ( fun (h:’a) (v:’a list) -> v @ [h]) x let r : int list = k [1;3;2;4] [4;2;3;1] e. let j (x : int list list) : int list = let transformer (l:int list) : int = fold ( fun (x:int) (v:int) -> x + v) 0 l in transform transformer x let r : int list = j [[1;2;3];[4;5];] [6;9;0] Grading scheme, each answer worth four points: • no deduction for minor syntax errors • 1 point if the value is of the correct type • 2 points (part c) if structure is correct • 4 points if completely correct • Other minors errors -1 to -4 at discretion (e.g. -1 point per wrong list item/wrong order) 5 3. Types (16 points) For each OCaml value or function definition below, fill in the blank where the type annotation could go or write “ill typed” if there is a type error. If an expression can have multiple types, give the most generic one. We have done the first one for you....
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