nguphap_ta_0353

If i were rich i would travel around the world i am

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If I were rich, I would travel around the world. (I am not rich) (I’m not going to travel around the world) If I hadn’t been in a hurry, I wouldn’t have had an accident. (I was in a hurry) (I had an accident) 13.2.1 ð i u ki n không có th c hi n t i (d ng II) PRESENT OR FUTURE TIME If I had enough money now, I would buy a tourist trip to the moon. He would tell you about it if he were here. If he didn’t speak so quickly, you could understand him. (He speaks very quicky) (You can’t understand him) ðộ ng t to be ph i chia là were t t c các ngôi. If I were you, I wouldn't go to that movie. 13.2.2 ð i u ki n không có th c trong quá kh (d ng III) PAST TIME If we had known that you were there, we would have written you a letter. (We didn’t know ...) (We didn’t write you a letter) If we hadn’t lost our way, we would have arrived sooner. If he had studied harder for that test, he would have passed it.
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S ư u t m và thi ế t k ế b i Ph m Vi t V ũ - 48 – Tr ườ ng ðạ i H c Kinh T ế ð à N ng Chú ý r ng c ũ ng có th th hi n m t ñ i u ki n không có th c mà không dùng if . Trong tr ườ ng h p ñ ó, tr ñộ ng t had ñượ c ñư a lên ñầ u câu, ñứ ng tr ướ c ch ng . M nh ñề ñ i u ki n s ñứ ng tr ướ c m nh ñề chính. Had we known that you were there, we would have written you a letter. Had he studied harder for the test, he would have passed it. L ư u ý: Câu ñ i u ki n không ph i lúc nào c ũ ng tuân theo qui lu t trên. Trong m t s tr ườ ng h p ñặ c bi t, m t v ế c a ñ i u ki n là quá kh nh ư ng v ế còn l i có th hi n t i (do th i gian qui ñị nh). If she had caught the train, she would be here by now . 13.3 Cách s d ng will, would, could, should trong m t s tr ườ ng h p khác Thông th ườ ng các tr ñộ ng t này không ñượ c s d ng v i if trong m nh ñề ñ i u ki n c a câu ñ i u ki n, tuy nhiên v n có m t s ngo i l nh ư sau: If you (will/would) : N ế u ..... vui lòng. Th ườ ng ñượ c dùng trong các yêu c u l ch s . Would l ch s h ơ n will. If you will/would wait for a moment, I will go and see if Mr Conner is here. If + Subject + Will/Would : N ế u ..... ch u. ðể di n ñạ t ý t nguy n. If he will listen to me, I can help him. Will còn ñượ c dùng theo m u câu này ñể di n ñạ t s ngoan c : N ế u ..... nh t ñị nh, N ế u ..... c . If you will turn on the music loudly so late tonight, no wonder why your neighbours complain.
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