Federal state and local subsidies were key to this

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Federal, state, and local subsidies were key to this expansion - Role of the railroad in changing the ways goods, services, and people moved across the nation - Unifying the nation - The Transcontinental Railroad o Union Pacific: westward from Omaha, NE (Irish Workers) o Central Pacific: eastward from Sacramento, CA (Chinese Workers) o Connected in Ogden, UT (1869) o Life and Conditions for laborers: Chinese Exclusion Act (1882) The Surge in Technological Advances - Alexander Graham Bell (Telephone- 876) - Thomas Edison (Phonograph- 1877; Electric light- 1879) - Invention of typewriters and cash registers - Development of new high efficiency steam engines - Refrigeration; pressure sealed cans - Advances in steel, iron, and oil production Revolutionizing Production: Iron, Steel, and Oil - New processes to convert iron into steel more efficiently—Bessemer Process - New blast furnaces with greater capabilities
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- Railroads as both markets and transporters for the steel industry - Discovery of the various uses for oil Responses to the Rise of Corporate Power - What role will the government play in the growth of business and organized labor? o Regulation vs. laissez-faire? Railroad Strike of 1877 - Should the wealthy have a responsibility of the poor? o The Gospel of Wealth (Andrew Carnegie) - What will happen to American workers?
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