o No distinction between human consciousness and the world outside Hegels

O no distinction between human consciousness and the

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o No distinction between human consciousness and the world outside ! Hegel’s dialectical method (people aren’t really free if they reflect the world around them) o What is freedom? “Morality as the condition of ‘freedom’”. ! Ex. King says shoot an innocent man, guy says no kill me instead ! So you can do whatever you want as long as you follows your morals; free will under morality Hegel: Consciousness and the master-slave dialectic (relate to Hegel info on pg1!) o Two independent consciousness; each wants to be the boss of the other ! If both die >> no development; so one submits and becomes the slave ! The slave/ worker materializes his ideas >> causing advancements in technology and history >> consciousness crafts history and so modernity
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7 was the end of history and the full realization and emancipation of the human spirit Marx built off of Hegel, but believed the end of history was still to come The Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx and Fredrik Engels Manifesto: public declaration of policy and aims Engels: Capitalism is producing deprivation conditions; many people ending up poor even with new technologies Describes economic processes of how capitalist class emerged and dominated, creating a hierarchy to regulate society and diminish human spirit and creativity “Ruling ideas of each age” depends on “ideas of ruling class”; old ideas die along with old conditions of existence Proletariat has to become the ruling class to win battle of democracy; Communists support all revolutionary movements against ruling social and political class Marx- Dialectical Materialism (progression through oppression) and class conflict: suffering of slaves provides the momentum or is the catalyst to change their state/ society, but new people become oppressed starting the cycle again o Hegel: Creative labor; work is fundamental to human nature and advancements ! Unfortunately, capitalism (a moral and political investment) occurs making class division inevitable due to exploitation of proletariat Simplified class division: bourgeoisie vs. proletariat o Pros of bourgeoisie: knowledge and technology progressed; markets and industries started up everywhere o Capitalism causes self-betterment for owners of capital, but prevents workers from realizing human capacity to engage in creative labor o What’s worse is that as machines advance, workers become slave to the machine as well Points out contradictions of capitalism: o Rich produce goods, but they aren’t willing to increase wages of worker which decreases the worker’s purchasing power so less of the product will be bought o Loans end up in crises as people can’t pay them Marx proposes communism as the final stage of history in which everything is controlled collectively o Sustained by capitalistic economic productivity o Class consciousness must be developed among workers; basically everyone is in civil competition with one another to better themselves; status awareness o Critiques of Marx: !
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