The major difference between the two theories are

This preview shows page 2 - 4 out of 4 pages.

The major difference between the two theories are that classical school is mainly based on free will and suggests that crime as a choice, whereas positivism criminology argues that crime is not a choice. Neoclassical criminology is a contemporary perspective built on classical principles emphasizing the importance of character and character development as well as the choices people make when faced with opportunities for crime. It focused on how you were brought up instead of just free will and individual choice. Modern criminology is the product of two main schools of thought: the classical school originating in the 18th century and the positivist school originating in the 19th century.
3. Summarize the importance of Jeremy Bentham’s economic model for classical criminology. Include a discussion of the concepts utilitarianism and the pleasure/pain principle. Jeremy Bentham was an English philosopher and political radical. He is primarily known today for his moral philosophy, especially his principle of utilitarianism, which evaluates actions based upon their consequences. According to Bentham, pleasure and pain govern not only how human beings act but also how human beings ought to act. The principle of utility or the

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture