: commercially prepared antimicrobial dressing (the little circle that goes over a central
: Catheter inserted into a large vein (jugular, subclavian, femoral) for IV access
procedure/medications used to re-establish patency to an occluded central line
: excessive fluid loss
: excessive fluid retention (can occur anywhere in the body) and is rated on a scale of +1
to +3, shifting of fluid into extravascular space
: molecular substances that dissociate in solution into their electrically charged ions
(measured in mEq/L).
..think cations and anions
: redness of the skin, caused by hyperemia of the capillaries in the lower layers of the
: filter for hyperalignmentation, lipids, blood products, and any drugs that may
require a filter
(fluid volume excess)- caused by retention of water and sodium. Excess fluid level in
intravascular space and increase in capillary hydrostatic pressure. Causes: GI losses (diarrhea,
vomiting), loss of plasma or whole blood such as with burns, excessive perspiration, fever,
decreased intake fluid,use of diuretics
fluid volume deficit)- caused by excess fluid loss or inadequate fluid replacement that
already exists. Caused by: congestive heart failure, renal failure, cirrhosis of liver, increased
serum aldosterone and steroid levels, excessive sodium intake.
: solutions with very high osmolarity (15-30% dextrose)
Concentration of the cell is less than outside of the cell. Water moves out of the cell
to try to even out the concentration.
D10W, D20W, D50W, D5LR (5% dextrose in lactated
ringer’s), D5NS(5% dextrose in normal saline), D5 1/2NS (5% dextrose in normal saline)
the cell has a higher concentration in it than in the area surrounding it. Water moves
into the cell to equal out concentration.
0.45% NaCl (1/2 normal saline), 0.225% NaCl (1/4
The cell has an equal proportion of concentration with the area surrounding. Water
continually flows in and out to keep concentration even.
0.9% NaCl (normal saline), Lactated
: the BEST indication of fluid retention is monitoring the patient’s weight on
a day to day basis.
..I think we all know what intake and output is :/
pen (rate: 20 ml /hr for adults)
: inflammation of a vein, usually in the legs
S/S: pain, edema, erythema, and increased skin temperature over the vein, sometimes
redness traveling along path of vein
(Peripherally inserted central catheter): long, thin tube that is inserted through a vein in the