His victory was attributable to the larger

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His victory was attributable to thelarger populationsin theNorth.After Lincoln’s victory, the South could see the writing on the wall. They knew that America’s politicalfuture regarding the issue ofslaverywas on its last legs. Therefore, they went ahead andsecededfromthe Union.The first tosecedewasSouth Carolinain December of 1860.Withinsix weeks,Florida, Alabama,Georgia, Texas,Mississippi, and Louisiana seceded, too.Thesecessionistsstates called themselvesThe Confederate States of America.They wrote aConstitutionthat was similar to the United States Constitution, but it had a strict limit onfederal powerand theenshrinement of slavery as a perpetual institution.The Civil WarOnce the shooting started atFort Sumpter,a few other states joined theConfederacyas well. They wereVirginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Arkansas.However, it is important for you to know that some states that allowedslavery did not secedethe Union.Those states wereDelaware, Kentucky, Maryland, and Missouri.These states are known asborderstates.It is important to know these states because it’ll better help you understand thestrategiesused duringthe Civil War.Page7of14
Lincoln’s sole objective during the Civil War was tosave the Union. That’s why it took him about a yearand a half to make aproclamationto free the Enslaved.Had he made a proclamation earlier, he felt he would havealienatedthe slave border states and he feltthat those states werevitalfor a Union’s victory.The Civil War, at least in the beginning, wasn’tentirely about slavery.The South’s AdvantagesThe North’s AdvantagesFighting a defensive warBettergenerals(RobertE.Lee&Stonewall Jackson)LargerPopulation(4timesasmanypeople in the North as in the South)Robust Navy (This would allow them tocontrol the seas and rivers)Economic (most of the nation’s banks,about 70% of the nation’s railroads, andmost of the nation’s manufacturing)Well established central governmentThe Union’s(The North)StrategyA main plank of the Union’s strategy was the use of theU.S. Navyto set up ablockadeof southernseaports and eventually gain control of theMississippi River.This would cut theConfederacy(theSouth) in half. This plan was called theAnaconda Plan.The Confederacy’s(The South)StrategyThe Confederacy’s plan mostly relied on help from foreign countries namelyBritainandFrance. Britainand France’s motivation for helping the Confederacy was because of their reliance onsouthern cottontohelp their textile mills run.The south was convinced thatKing Cottonwould convince the European nations,Britain and Francetosend aid, but what they didn’t count on was those countries getting the cotton fromIndia and Egypt.

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Term
Spring
Professor
Alex Hahn
Tags
Abraham Lincoln, Slavery in the United States, American Civil War

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