Baconscientific Mathematics and observation can tell us

Baconscientific mathematics and observation can tell

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Bacon(scientific inquiry)/Newton(gravity)= Mathematics and observation can tell us about the Natural world; Result: Revelation inferior to reason Increased attention to natural law Geology(19 th century)- Bible couldn’t be dated the same way as age of Earth; Is Authority going to be the bible or what some scientist says? Biology(19 th century)- Darwin’s Descent of Man (1871)=Natural Selection; Result:Questions special creation with humans as apex; Challenges ideas of miracles and the supernatural; Questions our idea of who God is 2.Philosophy Rationalism -Rene Descartes: Discourse on Method (1637) -I think therefore I am **** -Cartesian Foundations: Base our knowledge upon self-evident truths -Against Empiricism=Doesn’t trust what’s coming in through the senses Empiricism -John Locke: Essay Concerning Human understanding (1689) - Tabula Rasa (The Blank State)=Human experience is the basis of our knowledge; We know through our gathering if the senses; Limits to reason Epistemology(theory of Knowledge) - David Hume( How do humans learn?) - Humans learn through experience and observation but human reason an never grasp the absolute truth(we observe nothing but the perception)
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Julian Hunter Epistemological Synthesis of Rationalism and Empiricism -Immanuel Kant( What is Enlightment?) -Not all knowledge arises out of experience but the mind plays a part too - Critique of Pure Reason(1787): Unable to know things in themselves but everything we think we know, we apprehend through the 5 senses - Critique of Practical Reason (1788): Categorical Imperative(universal) -Religion “separate” from reason; Reason has limits 3.Rational Religion(“Religion of the Head”) Deisms=Natural religion; Reason superior to Revelation Unitarianism=One God(deny trinity) Removing supernatural from bible and using it as rational thought Increased attention to natural laws as basis of religion Religion is about ethics; Depersonalize God; Positive Anthropology 4.Protestant Liberalism(Rxn against Intellectual Currents and Rational Religion) Schleiermacher -Religion is essentially feeling rather than doctrines/beliefs/dogmas -God is feeling of a relationship and awareness of absolute dependence -Response to rational religion Romanticism - response to Enlightenment thought 5.Social Gospel Exploration of addressing social ills: Poverty and industrialization Walter Rauschenbusch 6. Modernism First a general idea/worldview Then particular instances :
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Julian Hunter - Protestant Modernism (opposed by Fundamentalists) -Catholic Modernism (deemed heretical by Church hierarchy) 4 th Category: American 1.Denominations >Colonial Religions( diversity from the beginning) >Puritans/Separatists -Known for Moral Realism( reformers and activists); Disciplined moral living -No Popery(liturgy,vestments,etc.), No bishops(Hate Episcopal structure) -Anglican Policy(Uniformity: one way of worship) -Separatists felt that the Church of England( Anglican) had become too corrupt -Some believe society must be forced into disciplined way of living
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  • Fall '07
  • Holleyman
  • Critique of Pure Reason, Protestant Reformation, Separation of church and state, ulian Hunter, J ulian Hunter

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