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Location of every store in the shopping district that

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location of every store in the shopping district that closed because it could not compete with Colson’s. Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument? A. Many customers of Colson’s are expected to do less shopping there than they did before the SpendLess store opened. B. Increasingly, the stores that have opened in the central shopping district since Colson’s opened have been discount stores. 14
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C. At present, the central shopping district has as many stores operating in it as it ever had. D. Over the course of the next five years, it is expected that Goreville’s population will grow at a faster rate than it has for the past several decades. E. Many stores in the central shopping district sell types of merchandise that are not available at either SpendLess or Colson’s. Answer: ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Q8 to Q10: The idea that equipping homes with electrical appliances and other “modern” household technologies Line would eliminate drudgery, save labor (5) time, and increase leisure for women who were full-time home workers remained largely unchallenged until the women’s movement of the 1970’s spawned the groundbreaking and (10) influential works of sociologist Joann Vanek and historian Ruth Cowan. Vanek analyzed 40 years of time- use surveys conducted by home economists to argue that electrical (15) appliances and other modern house- hold technologies reduced the effort required to perform specific tasks, but ownership of these appliances did not correlate with less time spent on (20) housework by full-time home workers. In fact, time spent by these workers remained remarkably constant―at about 52 to 54 hours per week―from the 1920’s to the 1960’s, a period (25) of significant change in household technology. In surveying two centuries of household technology in the United States, Cowan argued that the “industrialization” of the home (30) often resulted in more work for full-time home workers because the use of such devices as coal stoves, water pumps, and vacuum cleaners tended to reduce the workload of married- (35) women’s helpers (husbands, sons, daughters, and servants) while promoting a more rigorous standard 15
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of housework. The full-time home worker’s duties also shifted to include (40) more household management, child care, and the post-Second World War phenomenon of being “Mom’s taxi.” -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Q8: According to the passage, which of the following is true about the idea mentioned in line 1? A. It has been undermined by data found in time-use surveys conducted by home economists. B. It was based on a definition of housework that was explicitly rejected by Vanek and Cowan. C. It is more valid for the time period studied by Cowan than for the time period
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