According to Li 2013 this type of stress decreases the ability of an individual

According to li 2013 this type of stress decreases

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and is experienced as exceeding people’s ability to cope as well as feeling unpleasant. According to Li (2013), this type of stress decreases the ability of an individual to perform tasks and can also result in mental fatigue. Lupe’s life events can also be the main source of her distress since they are negative aspects to each of them. Her event switched from being a eustress to a distress mainly when her husband opted to leave her with children. By separating with her husband, it negatively affected Lupe’s life. In contextual stress, various events related to stressors might have contributed to Lupe’s overall contextual-stress experience. Event-related stressors effect cannot be perceived in isolation from that perspective. Laurent et al. (2015) refer contextual stress as cultural victimization, which ranges from deliberate discrimination and violation actions to indirect forms of exclusion as well as the lack of acknowledgment that might result in pervasive effects. Contextual stress may lead to self-hate, feeling isolated, negative self- concept, fear for being alone, generalized fear, depression as well as difficulty in trusting people. This type of stress is evident from Lupe’s case study as she feels being isolated and she has a fear of being alone. In this case, Lupe is ready to have another partner as she feels that she would like to meet someone with whom she could share her life. Therefore, despite the above examples of the negative influence of developmental and contextual stress on Lupe and her children well-being, these types of stress are likely to increase anxiety that is positively related to sensitive parenting. What are Lupe’s sources of strength? What aspects of her cognitive functioning and her personality might support her resilience in the face of difficulties? 3
ADULTHOOD Though old age is accompanied by feelings of loss as well as other developmental stressors (Haase et al., 2013), research indicates that the majority of older people can moderate the effect of these distresses on their daily lives. In this case, Lupe being at the age of 45 is capable of moderating the effect of her distresses in her daily life. According to Resnick (2014), subjective wellbeing does not lessen in later adulthood for most older people. This raises a question on how older adults are capable of keeping their wellbeing buoyant irrespective of them facing stress. Various psychological factors, which would absorb the impact of negative influences in the case of Lupe includes personal attributes, coherence sense, and self-efficacy beliefs. Laurent et al. (2015) in their study the authors concluded that older adults have three personality traits including challenge, control, and commitment. The coherence sense provides a reason behind the role of stress in a

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