The U.S. Geological Survey claims that “at least 370,000 houses, 4,013 schools, 79 hospitals and 4,200 boats” were damaged or destroyed by the Maule, Chile earthquake ("Magnitude 8.8 – Offshore Bio-Bio, Chile"). IQ5: Monetary Damages
How much damage (in US dollars) was caused in Chile as a result of the tsunami for Chile? The earthquake and tsunami resulted in approximately $30 billion worth of damage ("Magnitude 8.8 – Offshore Bio-Bio, Chile"). Numbers for the tsunami alone were not available. IQ6: Maximum Wave Height What is the maximum tsunami wave height recorded for the Maule, Chile tsunami along the coast of Chile? The highest recorded tsunami height was 261 centimeters by the tide gauge at Valparaiso ("Magnitude 8.8 – Offshore Bio-Bio, Chile"). IQ7: Inland Distance How far inland did the tsunami wave after hitting the coast of Chile? Reports state that “the tsunami reached about 0.5 km inland” (Elnashai et. al. 33). IQ8: Personal Experience In your life, what is the most significant natural disaster that you (or a member of your family) experienced? Describe the experience, including when it happened, where it happened, the damages caused, etc. Are there are long lasting effects of this natural disaster? Please be specific as possible. Living in Florida, I have experienced several hurricanes. Thankfully, I was raised in Orlando, so I have not experience much property damage or flooding, but Hurricane Andrew was really bad. I can remember trees falling down everywhere and the power being out for at least a few days. Although there was not much damage in my area, many homes lost their roof and several areas had extreme flooding. The water receded pretty quickly, but it also took much of the beach with it. It took at least two days for all the trees to be cleared from the road. Section 3: 2011 Tohoku, Japan Mw 9.0 Earthquake and Tsunami (Alex Kaladi) IQ1 Latitudinal distance = |38.900-38.297| = .603 Longitudinal distance = |140.682-142.372| = 1.690 Total dist in degrees = (.603*.603)+(1.690*1.690) = 1.794 Total dist in kilometers = 1.794 * 111.32 = 199.708 km
IQ2 Based on the average speed of a tsunami wave in the deep open ocean (970 km/hr) how much time did people in Tohoku, Japan have before the tsunami reached the coast? Time = 199.708/970 = .206 hours IQ3 How many people were killed as a result of the Tohoku, Japan earthquake? How many died as a result of the associated tsunami? What were the total of combined deaths between both the earthquake and the tsunami? Around 1585 people died from the earthquake, while 14308 people died from the tsunami, which means the combined total death toll is 15893 people. (Japan Police) IQ4 How many buildings were destroyed as a result of the Tohoku, Japan earthquake?
- Fall '08
- Geography, Tsunami, 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake