Deraad and peabody 2005 examined trait terms across

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DeRaad and Peabody (2005) examined trait terms across 11 languages and concluded that “the Big Three –Extraversion, Agreeableness, and Conscientiousness are cross-linguallyrecurrent” whereas “the full Big Five Model is questionable” (p. 464)A recent review concluded that these three factors could be found in most language groups, whereas Neuroticism and Openness to Experience are less cross-culturally reliable 40
THE FIVE-FACTOR MODEL OF PERSONALITY: RESEARCH EVIDENCECROSS-CULTURAL RESEARCH: ARE THE BIG FIVE DIMENSIONS UNIVERSAL?Cultural and language variations suggest to some that there are culture-specific factorse.g., “Chinese Tradition” factor captures values and attitudes important in traditional Chinese society41
THE FIVE-FACTOR MODEL OF PERSONALITY: RESEARCH EVIDENCECROSS-CULTURAL RESEARCH: ARE THE BIG FIVE DIMENSIONS UNIVERSAL?Research using populations outside of North America, Europe, and East Asia presents stark challenges to the claim of universality of 5 factors 1000 South Africans representing 11 language and ethnic groups participated in research in which they described themselves and 9 other people (Valchev et al., 2012)There were considerable differences among groups in those descriptions; for instance:Black South Africans were relatively more likely to use social-relational personality descriptionsWhite South Africans more frequently employed concepts that either referred to personal growth or that were abstract (e.g., honest, loyal) without referencing concrete circumstances42
THE FIVE-FACTOR MODEL OF PERSONALITY: RESEARCH EVIDENCECROSS-CULTURAL RESEARCH: ARE THE BIG FIVE DIMENSIONS UNIVERSAL?Gurven, von Rueden, Massenkoff, Kaplan, & Vie (2013): will Big Five be found among the Tsiname, forager-farmers of Bolivia?Identified a “TsinameBig Two”: two personality dimensions that did not correspond to any of the industrialized-world Big Five traitsTsiname personality trait dimensions reflected patterns of social life specific to that culture; success in domestic (family) and public domains 43
THE FIVE-FACTOR MODEL OF PERSONALITY: RESEARCH EVIDENCECROSS-CULTURAL RESEARCH: ARE THE BIG FIVE DIMENSIONS UNIVERSAL?Singh, Misra, & De Raad (2013) studied personality trait structure among more than 500 Hindi-speaking citizens of India“No apparent consistent relations with any of the Big Five…were observed” (p. 617)Individual differences instead aligned with the triguna, 3 personal qualities that have long been recognized in Hindu philosophy but that do not correspond directly to Western personality traitsOne combines the qualities of restlessness, arrogance, prudishness, and disorganization44
THE FIVE-FACTOR MODEL OF PERSONALITY: RESEARCH EVIDENCECROSS-CULTURAL RESEARCH: ARE THE BIG FIVE DIMENSIONS UNIVERSAL?De Raad and Mlačić (2017) concluded that “when focusing on replicability of psycholexically based factors across most languages or cultures around the world, the Big Five tends to losein competition with structures that have just two or three factors”Cast doubt on the claim that the five-factor structure of personality traits is universal45

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