His goal was a recreation of an idealized past one

This preview shows page 50 - 52 out of 62 pages.

His goal was a recreation of an idealized past – one that hadn’t been seen since the death of the Prophet in the 7 th century. Greeted by a frenzied crowd – personality cult forming, he had been transformed into a semi-divine figure. Denounces the two Pahlavi rulers as usurpers of power who had governed without popular consent. Numerous comparisons to the Prophet Mohammad. Khomeini had to create a political order from a fusion of religion, radicalism and liberal constitutionalism. Tone of new regime: “It Is a government based on the shari’a. Opposing this government means opposing the shari’a of Islam and revolting against the shari’a, and revolt has its punishment in our law…revolt God’s government is a revolt against God” Final act of revolution triggered by attack on Air Force technicians pledging their existence to Khomeini – fighting quickly spread throughout Tehran as the population armed and mobilized. Khomeini threatens to declare Jihad on military forces who don’t surrender. They do. Declare themselves “neutral in current political disputes”. o Revolution had triumphed.
Image of page 50

Subscribe to view the full document.

For a little while, moderating influence of liberals amongst the revolutionaries prevailed over the hotheads. Although Khomeini spoke of need for vigilance and action to complete the revolution, during the early days he appealed to the population “to prevent chaos and arson, to preserve Iran’s heritage, etc” o Voice of moderation slowly drowned out by clamor for blood. Over 200 of Shah’s senior officials were summarily tried and executed. Khomeini fully aware from the start that he would not be able to rely on Western- educated or liberal Muslims. Islamic Republican Party evolves as a tightly organized authoritarian instrument. o Wielded power in the streets through organized gangs known as the Hezbollah. Encourages women to participate actively in the referendum. “Though freedom has been achieved, the roots of imperialism and Zionism have not yet been severed. To achieve real independence we have to remove all forms of American influence.” 97% of electorate votes yet to an Islamic Republic whose actual form had never been spelt out. Khomeini had intended to withdraw from a direct role in government, but with the referendum center of decision making shifted to his shoulders. Revolution still far from complete – wanted an Islamic Republic not just in name, but in practice. Wanted to abolish Western laws and uproot all Western cultural influence. At this point, country had two governments – an official one led by Bazargan and an unofficial, but more powerful one led by Khomeini. Wanted a government based on the diea of valayat-e faqih – rule of the Islamic jurist Part 2- Just a description of Khomeini’s early life and his family history. There’s doesn’t seem to be anything of actual importance here.
Image of page 51
Image of page 52
  • Spring '13
  • The Republic, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Pahlavi dynasty, Islamists

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Get FREE access by uploading your study materials

Upload your study materials now and get free access to over 25 million documents.

Upload now for FREE access Or pay now for instant access
Christopher Reinemann
"Before using Course Hero my grade was at 78%. By the end of the semester my grade was at 90%. I could not have done it without all the class material I found."
— Christopher R., University of Rhode Island '15, Course Hero Intern

Ask a question for free

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern