PLCP 3410 FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE PART I

His goal was a recreation of an idealized past one

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His goal was a recreation of an idealized past – one that hadn’t been seen since the death of the Prophet in the 7 th century. Greeted by a frenzied crowd – personality cult forming, he had been transformed into a semi-divine figure. Denounces the two Pahlavi rulers as usurpers of power who had governed without popular consent. Numerous comparisons to the Prophet Mohammad. Khomeini had to create a political order from a fusion of religion, radicalism and liberal constitutionalism. Tone of new regime: “It Is a government based on the shari’a. Opposing this government means opposing the shari’a of Islam and revolting against the shari’a, and revolt has its punishment in our law…revolt God’s government is a revolt against God” Final act of revolution triggered by attack on Air Force technicians pledging their existence to Khomeini – fighting quickly spread throughout Tehran as the population armed and mobilized. Khomeini threatens to declare Jihad on military forces who don’t surrender. They do. Declare themselves “neutral in current political disputes”. o Revolution had triumphed.
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For a little while, moderating influence of liberals amongst the revolutionaries prevailed over the hotheads. Although Khomeini spoke of need for vigilance and action to complete the revolution, during the early days he appealed to the population “to prevent chaos and arson, to preserve Iran’s heritage, etc” o Voice of moderation slowly drowned out by clamor for blood. Over 200 of Shah’s senior officials were summarily tried and executed. Khomeini fully aware from the start that he would not be able to rely on Western- educated or liberal Muslims. Islamic Republican Party evolves as a tightly organized authoritarian instrument. o Wielded power in the streets through organized gangs known as the Hezbollah. Encourages women to participate actively in the referendum. “Though freedom has been achieved, the roots of imperialism and Zionism have not yet been severed. To achieve real independence we have to remove all forms of American influence.” 97% of electorate votes yet to an Islamic Republic whose actual form had never been spelt out. Khomeini had intended to withdraw from a direct role in government, but with the referendum center of decision making shifted to his shoulders. Revolution still far from complete – wanted an Islamic Republic not just in name, but in practice. Wanted to abolish Western laws and uproot all Western cultural influence. At this point, country had two governments – an official one led by Bazargan and an unofficial, but more powerful one led by Khomeini. Wanted a government based on the diea of valayat-e faqih – rule of the Islamic jurist Part 2- Just a description of Khomeini’s early life and his family history. There’s doesn’t seem to be anything of actual importance here.
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  • Spring '13
  • QUANDT
  • The Republic, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Pahlavi dynasty, Islamists

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