psychological distress (Egan, Piek, & Dyck, 2015). If these variables or the relationship between these variables have been studied before, what have other studies found? This shows historical significance. How does the view of personality in this article compare with historical views of personality? The authors reviewed several studies that analyzed the relationship between perfectionism and personality. Egan, Piek, & Dyck (2015) reviewed studies that “have found that higher perfectionism is related to lower agreeableness with only one study finding no relationship.” Numerous studies reviewed positively correlates conscientiousness with perfectionism (Egan, Piek, & Dyck, 2015). Studies utilizing the Dysfunctional Attitudes Scale, “found positive correlations between neuroticism and perfectionism and negative correlations between extraversion and perfectionism” (Egan, Piek, & Dyck, 2015). What type of research design is used in the study? What instruments or measures did the researchers use to collect data? Egan, Piek, & Dyck used a correlational research design in this study. The authors used the Positive and Negative Perfectionism Scale to measure positive and negative perfectionism. Also, they utilized structured clinical interviews to determine the diagnoses for the clinical
Guzman 3 participants. Additionally, they used NEO Personality Inventory-Revised to measure normal personality. Lastly, they used the Brief Symptom Inventory to “ensure that the athlete sample was not suffering from significant psychological distress” (Egan, Piek, & Dyck, 2015). Do you think the research in this article was conducted in an ethical manner ? Why or why not? In relation to the article, how have ethical considerations in personality psychology research changed over the years? Egan, Piek, & Dyck (2015) ensured no ethical violations were compromised by ensuring that “all participants completed an information and consent form” Also, the research was approved by the Curtin University Ethics Committee (Egan, Piek, & Dyck, 2015).
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