deferred call accompanying the call provision, a Canada plus call provision. Any positive covenants. Also, discuss several possible positive covenants Tuxedo Air might consider. Any negative covenants. Also, discuss several possible negative covenants Tuxedo Air might consider. A conversion feature (note that Tuxedo Air is not a publicly traded company), and the floating-rate coupon. Step 3. Evaluate and compare the alternative solutions (35% of assignment grade) Looking at each aspect of bond as requested and their impact (Sharper Insight. Smarter Investing. n.d.): The security of the bond: A secured bond is a type of bond that is secured by the issuer's pledge of a specific asset, which is a form of collateral on the loan. In the event of a default , the bond issuer passes title of the asset onto the bondholders. The seniority of the bond: seniority refers to the order of repayment in the event of a sale or bankruptcy of the issuer. Seniority can refer to either debt or preferred stock . Senior debt must be repaid before subordinated (or junior) debt is repaid. The presence of a sinking fund: a sinking fund actually confers advantages to bond investors. A sinking fund is money or negotiable securities set aside for the purpose of redeeming debt. Bonds backed by a sinking fund are less likely to default on interest payments and repayment of principal, making them safer investments and more attractive to risk-averse investors. A call provision: A call provision is a provision on a bond or other fixed-income instrument that allows the original issuer to repurchase and retire the bonds. If there is a call provision in place, it typically
Mini Case Analysis 2 4 comes with a time window under which the bond can be called, with a specific price to be paid to bondholders, and any accrued interest defined within the provision. A deferred call provision: A deferred call provision is one in which a call cannot be executed until the deferral date, which is usually several years after the bond issue date. A bond investor who requires a period of payment certainty will favor a call schedule that is deferred, because cash flows will continue until at least the deferral date. Any positive covenants: A positive covenant is a promise or contract that requires a party to do something. It obligates the buyer/purchaser to take certain actions prior to closing, such as filing necessary documents and obtaining required consents, or drafting proxy materials. Positive covenants for sellers require them to give the purchaser access to their books, financial accounts, etc.
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- Spring '17
- Finance, Tuxedo Air