As a stage or space the closed world defines a set of

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kind of dramatic space whose architecture is constituted by information machines. As a stage or space, the closed world defines a set of subjects inhabited historically, theoretically, and mythologically by cyborgs’ ( Edwards 303). The green world is an unbounded natural setting inhabited by magical, transcendent forces. Contrastingly, a closed world can be recognized by the following characteristics: ‘T hough often darkened, they are rarely still, technological artifacts within the space assist in projecting an underlying, electric tension: the flickering fluorescent light, the ringing telephone, the active computer screen, the flashing indicators of a CPU. Sleep is fretful and frequently disturbed’ ( Edwards 307-309). According to Edwards the architecture and ambiance of the closed world mirrors the psychological and political constraints against which characters struggle (308). Significantly, Edwards’s b ook was published years before Google built its famous Googleplex in 2004, a lush green campus in Mountain View, California, famous for the extravagant perks such as swimming pools, volleyball courts, massage parlors and free haute cuisine for lunch (Mohney), and which very much resembles the ‘green world’, while incorporating the technology associated with the closed world. Edwards seemed not have suspected that at any moment in the future, the ideology of the closed world could have been combined with the aesthetics of the green world. The Circle’s magical and transcendent forces become apparent from Mae’s remark ‘Oh my god, it’s heaven’, upon seeing the campus for the first time. The combination of the exterior and appeal of the green world characteristics, while simultaneously following the markers of the closed world
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60 such as high work pressure while being surrounded by high-tech appliances, shows us how the Circle likes to mask its suppressing tendencies. Transparency’s and visibility’s counterpart is surveillance, which is of course fairly easy to do in a brightly sunlit, glass building. The company here seems to signify that surveillance is not only possible, but also mostly insurmountable. One cannot help to see everything, in a building made of glass. Inherently, the Circle shows that there is nowhere to hide within the Circle. The company is convinced and adamant to communicate that overall and constant surveillance will eliminate crime and general bad behavior. The novel shows us that the Circle mostly calls for the responsibility of people to look after each other. The constant surveillance mostly constitutes and makes very possible (since the webcam feeds are freely accessible online) the idea that people must supervise, call-out and correct each other. Jaron Lanier has theorized this ‘emphasis on the crowd’ in the context of the digital world: Emphasizing the crowd means deemphasizing individual humans in the design of society, and when you ask people not to be people, they revert to bad mob like behaviors.
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