CLEP Principles of Management 1

Gilbreth is known for his belief in finding the one

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Gilbreth is known for his belief in finding the "one best way" of doing a job. He was one of the pioneers of Scientific Management. Frank Gilbreth believed in determining the best, most efficient, fastest, and easiest way to do any job.
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Frank Gilbreth performed the first motion study to determine the best possible method for doing a job. Gilbreth observed both efficient and inefficient bricklayers at work, and reduced the motions needed to do the job to a few basic ones. Eliminating the unnecessary motions improved efficiency and productivity tremendously. CLASSIC MANAGEMENT THEORY (focuses on the top of the organization - chief executive's point of view) is sometimes called administrative management and is attributed to Fayol. The 5 functions of management he proposed were planning, organizing, commanding, coordinating, and controlling. It is commonly believed that applying classical principles of management results in either bureaucratic or mechanistic organization. Both are based on rational-legal authority and have a strict structure dominated by rules and policies. They are rigid and inflexible, but suitable for a stable, predictable environment. Mechanistic systems are designed to make organizations more efficient by formalizing all of the roles and operating procedures. Even though it is true that customers will often find mechanistic systems to be anything but efficient in practice, they are designed to make the system uniform, regulated and thus, efficient. Such formal systems are highly centralized, highly specialized and very procedure-based. Henri Fayol (father of modern management) created the Principles of Management Theory – guidelines on how to organize department and manage staff – 14 principles of mgmt, many of which are still applied today: 1. Division of work 2. Authority and Responsibility 3. Discipline 4. Unity of command 5. Unity of direction 6. Subordination of individual interest to general interest 7. remuneration of personnel centralization scalar chain order Equity Stability of tenure of personnel initiative Esprit de corps Henri Fayol was the first to identify management as a separate activity in a business, and listed functions of management. He was a Frenchman who first defined a set of functions of management. Many of his principles are still studied and in use today. The principles of organization is usually associated with Henri Fayol's 14 principles of management, which he defined in his classical management theory. Fayol's 14 principles included unity of command, unity of direction , esprit de corps, authority being equal to responsibility, and others. Henri Fayol's principle of the unity of command states that each subordinate should report to and be accountable to only one superior.
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