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DSST World Religion Notes

Torah includes the pentateuch and most of the books

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Torah – includes the Pentateuch and most of the books of the prophets, some debate which includes Psalms and Job, also known as the 5 books of Moses Tanakh - is a name used in Judaism for the canon of the Hebrew Bible . Mishnah – all legal commentary that had been collected since the days of Ezra, collected under the leadership of Judah ha-Nasi, is a milestone in Jewish literary history Talmud – encyclopedic collection of Jewish commentaries (known as Gemara), and the Mishnah, considered literary source of post biblical Judaism – there are two Talmudim – one created in Palestine and one in Babylonia First Crusade – took place in 11 th century. Charlemagne was crowned Holy Roman Empire, persecution against Jews so severe that many fled to Poland or Islamic countries Hasidic Movement – founded in Poland led by Israel bec Eliezer, taught that God could be found thru simple faith not scholarly learning, was widely accepting in Eastern Europe Kabbalah Movement – movement attempt to predict when the Messiah will come and rescue the Jewish people, deals with elements of occult and other esoteric subjects not covered in mainstream Jewish canon Zohar – most comprehensive collection of Kabbalah writings Kabbalah – in Judaism, the discussion of magic, charms, numerology, angels, demons, witches, ghouls, and other mystical topics fall under this term Kaballah
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Shabbat is the Jewish Sabbath – celebrated every week from sundown on Friday to nightfall on Saturday Kiddush – includes recitation of Genesis 2:1-3, most likely said in Hebrew, said at the meal following the Shabbat synagogue service Zionism – a movement pleading for the creation of a Jewish state, in their holy land of Palestine, so much so that a law began limiting the annual number of Jewish immigrants in 1939 Theodore Herzl – published book “The Jewish State’ in 1896 about the Zionist movement which obtained international, he believes Jewish people wouldn’t be treated fairly until they had their own land Zionism – was supported among Orthodox Jews - reformed Jews opposed the State although later supported the idea Nuremberg Laws of 1935 in Germany – took away the rights for Jews to vote, hold office, marry non-Jews, and work in most professions, many tried to flee but couldn’t because of immigration laws Holocaust – approx. 6 million Jews were killed, Jewish population was cut as much as 1/3 Richard Rubenstein – made the statement that God died in the Holocaust, because their cries went unanswered Israel – 1948 became a Jewish state – the United Nations divided Palestine into an Arab and Jewish state. Immediately Israel was attacked by 5 neighboring Arab states Camp David Agreements - Anwar Sadat Egyptian President and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin 1981 Sadat was assassinated by members of the Tafir wal Hijra, offshoot of the Muslim Brotherhood of Egypt Orthodox Judaism is the largest group today, strives to preserve and resist to the effects of modernization, still
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