B lasts for more than a few weeks c is excessive in

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b. lasts for more than a few weeks. c. is excessive in the absence of a true threat. d. goes undiagnosed. ANS: C DIF: Moderate OBJ: 13.2a MSC: Understanding NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 25. Jonah and Elias are participants in a research study. One task involves reading an ambiguous story, which participants can interpret in different ways. Jonah interprets the story as threatening. Elias, however, interprets the story as comical. What conclusions can you draw about Jonah and Elias? a. Jonah is more likely than Elias to experience excessive anxiety. b. Elias tends to disregard others’ feelings, whereas Jonah is highly sensitive to others’ feelings. c. Jonah and Elias are likely to have different disorders of emotion. d. Elias probably experiences mood dysfunction, but Jonah does not. ANS: A DIF: Difficult OBJ: 13.2a MSC: Applying NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 2, Scientific Inquiry and Critical Thinking 26. Nicole frequently has panic attacks. She knows that she is having an attack when she experiences all of the following EXCEPT a. sweating. b. feelings of going crazy or dying. c. fast heart rate. d. chest pain lasting for hours. ANS: D DIF: Easy OBJ: 13.2b MSC: Remembering NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 27. Research has found that a consequence of suffering from persistent panic attacks is a(n) a. increased risk of suicide. b. decrease in having other anxiety disorders. c. decrease in amygdala functioning. d. increased risk of developing a disorder of thought. ANS: A DIF: Moderate OBJ: 13.2b MSC: Remembering NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 28. Stephanie has social phobia. The more social fears she has, the more likely she is to a. respond poorly to treatment. b. develop depression. c. develop a specific phobia. d. avoid drugs and alcohol. ANS: B DIF: Moderate OBJ: 13.2b MSC: Understanding NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology
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29. Which of the following two disorders are most similar in that they always involve worry over a certain trigger? a. phobias and generalized anxiety disorder b. generalized anxiety disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder c. panic attacks and social anxiety disorder d. social anxiety disorder and specific phobias ANS: D DIF: Difficult OBJ: 13.2b MSC: Understanding NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 2, Scientific Inquiry and Critical Thinking 30. Dr. Vissage accurately describes the relationship between panic attacks and agoraphobia in which of the following statements? a. Having panic attacks has little to do with the development of agoraphobia. b. Agoraphobia rarely occurs without panic attacks. c. Panic attacks and agoraphobia have different biological causes. d. Both panic attacks and agoraphobia result from having specific phobias in childhood. ANS: B DIF: Difficult OBJ: 13.2b MSC: Understanding NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 5, Professional Development 31.
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