Because police target people due to their racial

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because police target people due to their racial characteristics Police target and stopping them driving cars for their skin colour. Tanner and Wortley Toronto Study of 3,000 high school students For those youth who were involved in crime 82% reported being stopped by police (no racial differences) Interviewed 3000 young people who are mostly in school → highschools
Asked about criminal behaviour and police contact More minor crime than youth then arent in school and in more serious crime Mostly guys For those youth who were involved in crime 82% reported being stopped by police. What about non criminality involved youth? Police contacts were not involved in crime. 49% of black youth has police contact 3X MORE LIKELY EVEN THOUGH NOT INVOLVED IN CRIME. Compared to 17% of white youth Carding / street checks Police stop group or individual of youth who are not being accused or charged with a crime Ask them for age, ID, who they hang around with Technically these youth people are not legally bound to offer info if not being accused or charged Lot of time young people don't know this Stopped in 2016 in toronto due to violation of charter rights Ontario gov stopped this Now police have to give recipes to people with their name and badge # and have to tell them that it is their right to withhold information Between 2009 -2011 info. Collected from 1.1 million people Drug dealing - Asked students Wortley / Tanner 45% of black drug dealers has been arrested compared to 35% of white drug dealers But surveys did not ask where drugs were sold or how often (At school to friends or on the streets to strangers?) Crack on the streets to homeless people or marijuana to friends Impact on police contact. Selling drugs and black your arrests are double them whites. Social Profiling Being targets for where you are / what you look like rather than on what you are doing Social Status → poor/sloppy looking ; “bad” Personal hygiene / on street with certain breeds of dogs Pitbulls More likely to be contacted by police Ask questions such as - ever been asked to move? Carded? Best predictor of street youth is level of involved in crime Youth ppl on street selling drugs draws attention from police - not surprising Also of young people who are on the street on day and evening, heard they were involved in pan handing - searched by police. Street youth who are involved in crime is the best predictor of police contact
Found: But street youth who are not involved in crime are also targeted by police: panhandling; jay walking, questioned by police, searches by police (males, black and indigenous youth) Males: more likely than females to be contacted by police as well as black and indigenous youth regardless of no contact.

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