appropriate treatment of our fellow human beings Act ethical to contribute to

Appropriate treatment of our fellow human beings act

This preview shows page 44 - 46 out of 48 pages.

appropriate treatment of our fellow human beings Act ethical: to contribute to the societal capital that helps us all live together in harmony The level of trust in a society is the best predictor of prosperity and nothing undermines trust more thoroughly than unethical actions Evolution of a moral sense We have evolved a moral instinct over time that follows social norms. We have rapid judgments about what is right/wrong. Every moral code in the world addresses these 4 subjects: Negative appraisals of certain acts of harming others Values pertaining to reciprocity and fairness Requirements concerning behaving in a manner benefitting one’s status in the social hierarchy Regulations clustering around bodily matters generally dominated by concepts or purity and pollution Resolving Ethical Issues- 3 primary approaches (if you apply 1 & 2 you are usually set up pretty well) 1. Utilitarian (teleological) approach- greatest good for the greatest number of people o which will give us the best possible outcome o focus is put on the consequences (consequentialist) o permits all conduct that will serve the objective of maximizing the social utility o John Stuart Mill o Jeremy Bentham o Problems- how to calculate benefit, define benefit to society, sometimes # of people is not the best way to see something, 2. Deontological approach o the rule-based approach o Kant- he held the idea that people should never treat their fellow men as objects by which to attain goals o Examples: the Law, social norms, the ten commandments o Treat others as we wish to be treated (Golden Rule) 3. Virtue ethics o Aristotle o Focus on cultivating the characteristics of a good person- honest, reliable, sincere, integrity, truthful, o Moral Reasoning (4 step process) 1. Identify the ethical issue 2. Establish the facts- who will be affected, what options do I have
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3. apply the various 3 approaches- if they all 3 make the same conclusion- do that! 4. Reach a conclusion- decide if it is right or not o Think- “if my decision was on the front of a newspaper, what would people say?” Example: Insider Trading in “The Billionaire’s Apprentice” o #1 is insider trading ethical? o #2 facts are that it is illegal, but it could make him a lot of money, it is a “victimless” crime, he would give a lot of money to charities o #3 utiltarian approach- could do good with money, but also may cause inefficiency and loss to others, deontological approach- he broke the law, virtue ethics- something is wrong with his character o #4 he chose to engage in it Going with your gut!! o Usually the approach that we go for o Often times, correct o Don’t ignore it, but don’t take it at face value o Sometimes, not so much. So maybe consider the various approaches.
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  • Spring '08
  • BREDESON
  • Law, Government, Supreme Court of the United States, U.S Supreme court

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