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15 of our bodies fibrous proteins provide structural

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15% of our bodies fibrous proteins- provide structural integrity and strength for many types of tissue and  are main components of muscle, hair and cartilage globular proteins- rough spherical shape, worker molecules of the body amino acids-building block of all proteins where R group represents H, CH3 or more  complex substituent side chains- R groups dipeptide- peptetide linkages (bond resulting from the condensation reaction between  amino acids) primary structure- order, sequence, of amino acids in the protein chain all have same body alpha helix- chain coils with inner interactions hydrogen bonds can occur between chains pleated sheet  tertiary structure- overall shape of the protein, long, and narrow or globular and  maintained by several interactions denaturization disulfide linkage carbohydrates polymers composed of monomers called monosaccharides or simple sugars
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03:14 most important ones contain 5 to 6 carbons fructose sucrose- table sugar disaccharide formed from glucose C-O-C bond is called a glycoside linkage Starch Form in which glucose is stored in the plant for later use as cellular fuel Cellulose Glycogen Nucleic acids DNA RNA Nucleotides Three distindt parts Five carbon sugar Nitrogen containging organic base Phosphoric acid molecule Protein synthesis Gene (segment of the DNA) contains codes for specific protein, which transmits the  primary structure of the protein to the construction of the cell Each code consists of a set of three bases called a codon mRNA
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03:14 built in the cell nucleus on the appropriate section of the DNA model  double helix unzips and complementary of the bases is used in the process of DNA  replication tRNA ldecodes genetic messages from mRNA using a triplet of bases called anticodons  (which governms which amino acids will be brought to the protein under construcion) HOW TO NAME (Tyler McKay’s hints) Look for functional group This will decide the ending of the molecule Alkane   -ane (single bond) Alkene   -ene (double bond) Alkyne   -yne (triple bond) Look for the longest C-C chain containing functional group This will decide the prefix of the last word (added to the suffix found in previous step) 1C   meth- 2C   eth-  3C   prop- 4C   but- 5C   pent- 6C   hex- 7C   hept- 8C   oct-
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03:14 9C   non- 10C   dec- 12C   dodec- look for substituents for each, need name and number lowest set of numbers  if multiple sets, lowest numbers first in name put together alphabetically ring   cyclo then number of chain then ending use hyphens the whole time, commas only when to separate the numbers of multiple 
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