San Lorenzo was not restored to an authentic original state but transformed

San lorenzo was not restored to an authentic original

This preview shows page 220 - 223 out of 280 pages.

Paolo, were entirely renovated. San Lorenzo was not restored to an authentic original state but transformed into an ideal image of the venerated place. Pius was buried there, fashioning himself the last martyr alongside Lawrence, one of Rome’s first, in a tomb brilliantly decorated by the Venetian mosaicist and architect Raffaele Cattaneo. Interest in the Lateran’s restoration was renewed at this time, but now with the idea to faithfully preserve what Constantinian elements still remained.Andrea Busiri-Vici’s plan to enlarge the presbytery by moving the apse back with the help of steam engines received the approval of the Commissione di Archeologia Sacra in 1877. But upon Pius’s death, Busiri-Vici lost control of the project to Vespignani, who opted instead to demolish and entirely rebuild the apse in his idealizing style. Pius’s urban works were designed to project a sense of well- being. Iron suspension bridges were built over the Tiber; one to the Vatican was met at the Piazza Pia with a pair of matching buildings that rehearsed the symmetrical effect of the Piazza del Popolo entry. Pius built the grand Manifattura dei Tabacchi near the hospice of San Michele in Trastevere, in which he consolidated and monopolized the city’s cigarette production.The architect for the new factory, Antonio Sarti, a student of Raffael Stern, designed in a grand classical style that reminded contemporaries of Vanvitelli’s Caserta.They called it the Reggia del Fumo .Andrea Busiri-Vici organized the piazza in front, Piazza Mastai, bordered with quarter-round workers’ housing. The pope’s charitable works were designed with enough pomp to fend off criticisms, but the reality was that he had built just as many barracks as seminaries, as many prisons as hospitals. In 1862, his 220 the architecture of modern italy
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the challenge of tradition, 1750–1900 4.20 Salvatore Bianchi, Stazione Termini, Rome, 1866–74
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minister of war, Frédéric de Mérode, whose family back in Brussels were major real estate developers, installed the papal armed forces on the Esquiline Hill, where the ancient emporers had housed the Praetorian Guard. De Mérode also purchased tracts on the Esquiline slopes, where he laid out a simple grid of streets in 1866.The development of his “Via Nuova” extrapolated geometry from the Renaissance streets in the vicinity, connecting the Via Sistina to the Baths of Diocletian. De Mérode’s development also helped to link Rome’s first train station to the city. Pius’s predecessor had thought the railroad locomotive the work of the devil, but after 1846 the papal states were laced with lines to Naples, to Civitavecchia, and to Ancona—some over viaduct bridges made with the latest steel technology.The lines were brought together in one station on the Esquiline plateau, alongside the Baths or “Terme” of Diocletian, hence “Stazione Termini.”Architect Salvatore Bianchi, created two large masonry blocks (one for departures, one for arrivals) with a broad iron shed in between.Archeological remains uncovered at the site were preserved.
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  • Spring '17
  • Archt. De Veyra

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