Popular male participation in politics created a

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Popular (male) participation in politics created a sense of community among the electorate.Giant national (men’s) club.Election of 18245 candidates, all from Republican party, ran for presidency.John Quincy Adams, Secretary of State.Crawford, Secretary of Treasury.John C. Calhoun, Secretary of War.Henry Clay, Speaker of the House of Representatives.Andrew Jackson.Legislator from Tennessee.Popular “Hero of New Orleans”.Jackson won 99 electoral votes, Adams won 84, followed by Crawford.None had a majority of votes to win presidency.Clay eliminated.According to Constitution, House of Representatives would choose the president.Clay persuaded many Representatives to choose Adams.Clay supported Adams because:Adams was better qualifiedthan Jackson; andAdams, like Clay, was a supporter of the American System.Adams became the sixth president.Selected Clay as Secretary of State.Jackson declared Adams’s election to presidency as a “corrupt bargain”.Clay and Adams made a “deal” to help one another.Presidency of John Quincy AdamsAdams’s presidency mostly uneventful.Staunch believer of a strong and powerful national government. Presidency marked the endof the “Era of Good Feelings”.After Adams, political parties would re-emerge.New Democratic PartyMartin Van Buren, Senator from New York, helped organize a new Democratic party.New Democratic party:Opposed Adams’s strong and powerful government;Supported a limited government;Membership included southern farmers and poor workingmen.In 1828, Democratic party would support Andrew Jackson for president.Election of 1828Adams ran for re-election against Jackson.Both candidates used the new democratic culture to their advantage.Candidates used it to promote themselves and to attack their opponents.Jackson benefited the mostfrom the new culture:Promoted his record as a war hero;Used it to promote his image as a “self-made man” on the American frontier.American systemTariffRoads & canals2ndBank of U.S.Created in 1816 20 years charterElection of 1828Jackson enjoyed an overwhelming victory.Jackson swept the southern states.Seventh president of the United States.
Despite his insistence on limited government, Jackson strengthened the executive office and exercised his executive power.Andrew Jackson: Strong National ExecutiveAs president, Jackson used the power of veto 12 times.First 6 presidents: 9 vetoes total.Evidence that Jackson desired strong national leadership.President symbolized the popular will of the people and so the president should dominate government.

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