This led to the student movement April 20 o Skirmishes between students and

This led to the student movement april 20 o

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to T-Square to lay wreaths and pay respect. This led to the student movement. April 20: o Skirmishes between students and policemen at Xinhua Gate Students marched to the homes of officials and demanded a meeting o Rumors of conflicts caused more people to come o Students stopped going to class to protest April 22 o Hu’s state funeral ~50,000 students march to Square overnight
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Three students kneeled to deliver a petition to meet with the premier at the time, Li Peng April 26 o People’s Daily labels the movement as a “planned conspiracy” and “turmoil” o Students did not mean for it to be interpreted as anti-government. They thought that they were being patriotic and wanted what was best for China Student Split - 1989 Protests did not have a unified message - Escalation o Students begin hunger strike o May 17- over a million Beijing residents of all occupations march in Beijing to support the students o This begins to worry the government because it’s not only students who are protesting now o Students fashion the Goddess of Democracy statue in T-square - Split in Leadership o Debate among government leaders about what government should do Hard-liners: Li Peng Immediate action to repress protest, announce martial law Soft-liners: Zhao Ziyang He saw the movement as essentially patriotic. They want to make the Party and the country better. Should not use force At the time, Deng Xiaoping was listening to both sides o May 19: Hardliners convince Deng that the protests have to stop Li Peng declares martial law but troops are blocked by Beijing residents and students More students are drawn from outside Beijing - Massacre o June 3: Troops finally make their way to the center of Beijing. Military repression starts. Along the way, Beijing residents were trying to stop the troops and many of these residents died. o June 4: The remaining 4000 students left the Square after they were completely encircled by the troops - The Origins of the Student Movement o Economic reform Emancipated people’s minds and way of thinking Kind of like the 1911 Revolution o Expansion of university admission makes it more difficult for people with degrees to find jobs, resulted in discontent among students o Liberalization in university system loosened control over students o Rampant official corruption o Income disparity (as opposed to before reforms, when country was very equal)
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o Elite factionalism - Why did the Student Movement Fail? o The CCP’s revolutionary heritage Key difference between China and Eastern Bloc countries During the 1989 protests, when martial law was declared, all of the military leaders were Long Marchers and very loyal/unified By contrast, during the Arab Spring, military leaders refused to comply The peasant nature of China Intellectual traditionalism - Aftermath of the Student Movement o Shift from private sector to foreign direct investment Government found that private sector was sympathetic to the democratic movement
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  • Fall '11
  • NaraDillon
  • Government, People's Republic of China, Deng Xiaoping, Communist Party of China, Chinese government

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