Socrates One perennial problem of man is the existence of evil What is the

Socrates one perennial problem of man is the

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Socrates One perennial problem of man is the existence of evil. What is the source of evil? For Socrates evil originate in man’s ignorance; it is a product of man’s current state as limited and imperfect
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Socrates Question: Is this true? That the source of evil is man’s ignorance or lack of knowledge?
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Socrates Holocaust… where 6 million Jews were killed. The method of killing by creating large machineries, using the latest technology, designed by the best minds in Germany. Perhaps knowledge can also be used for evil plans. And that knowledge cannot eradicate evil.
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Plato For Plato man’s current earthly existence is just but a copy of his original self—his perfect state in the realm of ideas. As Plato says, “The true lover of wisdom is always looking for the one.” The one is the true or original is the IDEA behind everything that we see. That’s why his philosophy is called Idealism. (Example: Table) Everything we see is a copy of the original—these copies are not real because they change or in some cases they will cease to exist—it is the idea behind these copies the unchanging that is true and real.
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Plato A consequence of this view is that as a pure mind (prior to his earthly existence) knows everything by intuition. And according to Plato before man’s birth he was all- knowing, perfect. But how can man attain his former perfect self? For Plato man has to live by knowledge and virtue so that he can at least approximate his former perfect self. His method to do this is meditation or contemplation.
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Plato This contemplation is between man’s mind and the universal and eternal ideas. This is different with the contemplation espouse by Aristotle which we will later discuss, for Aristotle contemplation involves the senses. For Plato the senses are not part of his meditation or contemplation.
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Aristotle For Plato’s former student Aristotle, his teacher’s philosophy was too idealistic, thus he balance it with his philosophy called realism.
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