Methodologically sociologists must striveuğraşmalıdır for objectivity by

Methodologically sociologists must

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Methodologically, sociologists must strive(uğraşmalıdır) for objectivity by studying social facts as things that is, through emprical investigation. In Suicide Suicide is an example of his method. He took the suicide rate as a social fact. Also it is external to individuals. (Durkheim suicide rate’i bir sosyal gerçeklik ve ‘’bireyden bağımsız’’ bir yapı olarak ele alıyor. Burade dikkatini bireysel psikolojik durumlara veya duygulara vermiyor. Suicide oranlarındaki variation and continuity nasıl açıklarız? Looking for statistical regularities and significant correlations b/w variables (slayttaki cümle) Genel olarak intiharın nedeni lack or surplus of social integration. In The Division of Labor Basic question is: What holds modern society together? Traditional societies have mechanical solidarity, (mekanik dayanışma)yı oluşturan argüman is collective conscioussness. Repressive Law represent collective consciousness, örneğin Penal Law Modern societies have organic solidarity, Restitutive law represent this ( Division of Labor’u az sonra açacağım) In The Elementary Forms of The Religious Life Approaching religion as the expression of the collective conscioussness , its ideals and its conscience Dogma and ritual to demarcate and protect boundaries of groups. Focus not on the actual canon but on ritualistic forms and collective effect they have (Religion ile collective conciusness arasındaki bağlantıyı inceliyor.Slayttakilerden farklı pek bir şey yok.) His Legacy After Durkheim, his vision of the discipline was well entrenched.(sağlamlaştırıldı.) Marcel Mauss ,his nephew, studied reciprocity in the form of gift giving and the notion of the person ‘’self’’. Halbwachs did research working class consumption and collective memory. Bougle studied caste. The British anthropologist Alfred Radcliffe-Brown first introduce Durkheim’s ideas to the English-speaking world.
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