50 km n main sources of migration map 31a sources of

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50 Km. N Main sources of migration Map 3.1a Sources of the Puritan “Great Migration” to New England, 1620–1650 The shaded areas indicate the main sources of the migration. Tropic of Cancer 30°N 60°W 30°W C a r i b b e a n S e a A T L A N T I C O C E A N F r o m E n g l a n d : 1 8 9 , 0 0 0 T o N e w E n g l a n d : 2 5 , 00 0 T o C h e s a p e a k e : 5 0 , 0 0 0 T o B e r m u d a : 4 , 0 0 0 T o W es t I n d i e s : 1 1 0 , 0 0 0 ENGLAND A F R I C A EUROPE SOUTH AMERICA NORTH AMERICA 0 0 1000 2000 Mi. 1000 2000 Km. N Map 3.1b The Great English Migration, ca. 1630– 1642 Much of the early history of the United States was written by New Englanders, who were not disposed to emphasize the larger exodus of English migrants to the Caribbean islands. When the mainland colonists declared independence in 1776, they hoped that these island outposts would join them, but the existence of the British navy had a dissuading effect. Interactive Map
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50 Chapter 3 Settling the Northern Colonies, 1619–1700 Many fairly prosperous, educated persons immi- grated to the Bay Colony, including John Winthrop, a well-to-do pillar of Eng lish society, who became the colony’s fi rst governor. A successful attorney and manor lord in Eng land, Winthrop eagerly accepted the offer to become governor of the Mas sachu setts Bay Colony, be- lieving that he had a “calling” from God to lead the new religious experiment. He served as governor or deputy governor for nineteen years. The resources and skills of talented settlers like Winthrop helped Mas sachu setts prosper, as fur trading, fi shing, and shipbuilding blos- somed into important industries, especially fi sh and ships. The Mas sachu setts Bay Colony rapidly shot to the fore as both the biggest and the most influential of the New England outposts. Massachusetts also benefi ted from a shared sense of purpose among most of the fi rst settlers. “We shall be as a city upon a hill,” a beacon to humanity, declared Gov- ernor Winthrop. The Puritan bay colonists believed that they had a covenant with God, an agreement to build a holy society that would be a model for humankind. Building the Bay Colony These common convictions deeply shaped the infant colony’s life. Soon after the colonists’ arrival, the fran- chise was extended to all “freemen”—adult males who belonged to the Puritan congregations, which in time came to be called collectively the Congregational Church. Unchurched men remained voteless in provin- cial elections, as did women. On this basis about two- fi fths of adult males enjoyed the franchise in provincial affairs, a far larger proportion than in contemporary Eng land. Town governments, which conducted much important business, were even more inclusive. There all male property holders, and in some cases other resi- dents as well, enjoyed the priceless boon of publicly discussing local issues, often with much heat, and of voting on them by a majority-rule show of hands.
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  • Spring '15
  • Ms. Machian
  • US History, Thirteen Colonies, Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts Bay Colony, Eng land

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