Study Guide abnormal Exam 4 review

Aspergers disorder o problems with social interaction

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have a 'savant' skill in relation to their memory for numbers. - Asperger’s Disorder o Problems with social interaction and narrowed behaviors – similar to but less severe than autism Language and cognitive development in normal range o Problems with social cues related to language o Avoid sustained eye contact o Lack an awareness of others’ responses o Unlike autism, children develop in all areas except social functioning
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- Fall into one of two social patterns: o Socially isolated, minimizing contact with others o Socially annoying, seeking out interaction, but because of limited social skills, imposing their desires on others What are the neurological findings in kids with autism? Evidence for genetic contribution to autism? Is the age of the father related to the risk of autism? Is there any evidence linking autism to vaccines? No. No, there is not . - Primarily neurological factors which interact with psychological and social factors o Connections among brain areas appear abnormal o Tends to run in families 8% of siblings of affected children will also have the disorder 70-90% of identical twins compared to 0-10% of fraternal twins o No single gene found to cause autism o Fathers 40 years or older at conception almost 6 times more likely to have children with autism than fathers younger than 30 o Vaccination controversy Thimerisol – (vaccine preservative), has been ruled out Autism rates continue to increase, even among children who received vaccines without thimerisol See “Autism’s False Prophets”, Paul Offitt What specialized form of treatment is typically used for autism? What are the most important targets of such treatment? How does the time commitment for treating autism compare with most forms of psychotherapy? - Treating Autism Spectrum Disorders o Communication skills and social behaviors Time-intensive treatments (at least 25 hours per week) Strong family involvement Individualized to the child Begun as early as possible o Screening tests for autism should be given before age 2 o No successful treatments that target neurological factors Medication for comorbid disorders, agitation, or aggression SSRIs, antipsychotics - Applied behavior analysis o Modify maladaptive behaviors by reinforcing new behaviors through shaping o For those with high-functioning autism or Asperger’s o Training appropriate social behaviors through social skills groups or individual instruction and modeling Know the features of Conduct disorder and the main behaviors that characterize it. What does Conduct disorder lead to in adulthood if behavior patterns do not change? What outcomes/performance is conduct disorder associated with in childhood? What is Oppositional Defiant disorder and how is it different from Conduct disorder?
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